https://www.facebook.com/auschwitzmemor ... 0026431097
He was entered into the camp registry under the name Tomasz Serafiński, which he used in the conspiracy.
As an aside this happens to be an important phenomenon of certain groups of peoples changing their names both prior to, during and especially after the war.
Example: The former director of Israel's Holocaust Museum Yad Vashem. Born in Poland as Yitzak Rudnitski, spoke Yiddish. Emigrated to Palestine post-war and changed his name to a more middle Eastern sounding "Arad" and changed his language from the German based Yiddish to Hebrew.
In the book "The Death Camp Treblinka" by Alexander Donat (1979) starting on page 289 we see a table of the fate of the survivors. We see (a) they for the most part emigrated, (b) many changed their names to suit the location and it might be fair to assume their language.
The story of Pelecki was revived almost 70 years later in an article in German here.. https://www.welt.de/.../Der-Mann-der-freiwillig-nach...
The story is that he deliberately got himself arrested to be sent to Auschwitz under a false name so I believe (?) in order to infiltrate it. As the article indicates the report indicated is the "third" edition of the report in the Summer of 1945. (?).
A comparison of the 3 versions of the report would be useful.
He was one of the founders of the camp resistance movement.
Among the most major roles of this resistance movement (which proved to be the most major role) was in "propaganda"- such as black atrocity propaganda stories. Some of these spinning mundane or even life saving/enhancing processes in the camp to something morbid, thus generating a kind of hysteria among inmates.
It could be hypothesised that this then served as a basis to fortify resolve of allied forces as well as create a blueprint for post war prosecution of the defeated power.
To see this read and source vett part 5 here http://holocausthandbooks.com/dl/22-trcfa.pdf
^As an aside- this resistance movement seems instructive in coordinating the seeming "convergence" of independent accounts. See above.
On the night of 26/27 April 1943, under the threat of being unmasked, Witold Pilecki along with two other colleagues escaped from the camp. In June 1943 while in hiding, he drew up a report that was subsequently forwarded to the General Headquarters of the Home Army.
Without any other evidence for the above scenario of escape it stands on party testimony alone.
A pre-planned arrest- then later escapes with 2 colleagues to tell the authorities terrible things happening in Auschwitz and offer a battle plan (allegedly rejected)....
From an officer tasked with making a report that has probative value, it might be expected something in a different style. It would be dry, but at least it would have a minimum of credibility. This Pilecki report seemed not. But the Polish Regime in Exile issues it as their official statement. No surprise this wasn't believed by educated people at the time. Due to that- that might explain why may have had to produce some other reports.
Interestingly, he admits to engaging in biological warfare:
I still lived in block 25, room 7. To compare the state of the room with that of Christmas Eve, it had to be stated that many friends were alive no more. We were terribly done for by typhus. All around were ill. As little as several of us, old friends, held ourselves. Who went for typhus, he returned rarely. But also our little, bred louses were doing their job and typhus broke up also in the barracks of SS-men and an epidemic grew up. Doctors could hardly cope with Siberian typhus, but organisms of SS-men also. The ranks of SS-men suffered more and more losses. They were sent to the hospital in Katowice, where SS-men died in most cases.
The first thing to note is the recurring theme of Typhus in the camp.
Second- This also matches up with what the Polish Secret Army was admitting to in a Report to the Western Allies:
https://archive.org/details/ReportFromP ... WarTwo1943
In it, he described his experiences, underground activities and also included information on the terror prevailing in the camp, methods of killing prisoners, extermination of Poles, Soviet prisoners of war, extermination of Jews
The problem, is that the released inmates in 1943 did not mention such things (?)
An examination of some of the claims in these report(s) is interesting.
The old crematorium was not able to burn dead bodies from our central camp in addition to dead bodies from Rajsko (the chimney erected in 1940 had split and got shattered by continuous vapours out of the dead bodies. A new one was erected). So the dead bodies were buried in wide trenches, with the help of commandos composed of Jews. Two new crematoriums of electric combustion were being erected in a hurry in Birkenau.
Technical specifications were done in the construction office. By words of a colleague from that office, each crematorium had eight stands, two corpses to be put into each stand. Three-minute electric combustion. Plans were sent to Berlin. Upon confirmation, they returned with an order to complete, initially until February the first, then the time limit was prolonged up to March the first - and in March they were ready. Then the factory began to operate at full capacity…
“Eight stands” in each crematoria is historically unfounded and a “Three-minute electric combustion” is neither historically founded but also physically and technically wrong. Which is probably why these parts of his report are not highlighted and quietly dropped from his account.
You can find this in an English version of his report here.. https://archive.org/details/WITOLDREPORT
^Just access the text file, select all and use the search tool for "electric", it's about halfway down the report.
These are just a couple of the wild claims in this report which at the time they were written were not coordinated as they would be after the war in Poland by the Soviet's. The report is riddled with them, strongly indicative of an intention in line with his propaganda activities as part of the resistance. Which is conceivably why the released inmates did not mention these things either.
This is not to put Pilecki down- he was a Polish patriot and it was his duty to fight the German's any way he could do so.
Regarding the Warsaw uprising and the post-war conflict of propaganda and at times physical hostilities between the Polish and another people- no contribution is necessary at this time.
To summarise the most important activity of the underground resistance in general, again see here... http://holocausthandbooks.com/dl/22-trcfa.pdf. Pages 533-634
And for Pilecki himself it's the report itself juxtaposed to physical, technical and historiogrpahic considerations juxtaposed to the official version today of events.