https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2 ... 091802.htm
Ground-penetrating radar reveals potential mass grave sites from the Holocaust
Date: November 5, 2018
Source: Geological Society of America
Summary: Researchers recently used ground penetrating radar to locate an unmarked, potential mass grave site in Lithuania, according to a new study. The work aims to amass evidence that points to the likely locations of mass graves from the Holocaust and, in time, award federal distinction to the areas in the form of memorials.
"The larger context," says physical geographer Harry Jol from the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, "is that, within the holocaust in Lithuania, every small and large town has a mass gravesite."
Though many potential mass grave and execution sites are peppered throughout Lithuania, only eyewitness accounts, with some accounts conflicting, are the first lines of evidence to guide researchers to approximate locations. In some areas, roughly 5-10 and upwards to 2,000 individuals lie buried, while other locations have upwards of ten times that number.
By using ground-penetrating radar, researchers like Jol can narrow the search by peering below the surface and searching for signs that indicate human-caused disturbances. Jol and his colleagues have located mass grave and execution sites in other areas throughout Lithuania and Israel, though this particular study pertains to the Rokiškis region.
"We're basically able to slice into the ground the same way the oil and gas industry does and build a three-dimensional model of the near subsurface," Jol says, explaining that breaks in the subsurface, as well as rectangular or circular patterns, can be interpreted as digging. "When those breaks occur, and with some of the patterns we see, that indicates that something has cut through those glacial-fluvial sediments."
Indeed, radar images revealed such signs in the Rokiškis region, indicating a potential grave site roughly two meters below the surface. Under Jewish burial traditions, which detail practices for honoring the dead, the remains of Jewish persons, once buried, must not be disturbed.
The study seems to be here: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8441590
Holocaust Archaeology: Using Ground Penetrating Radar to Locate a Jewish Mass Grave in Kaunas, Lithuania
A ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey at Fort VII in Kaunas, Lithuania has aided in locating a Jewish mass grave from the Holocaust. The discovery of human remains near the eastern wall of Fort VII prompted the Lithuanian government and Jewish Community to invite an international team of students, archaeologists and geophysicists to conduct GPR and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) surveys to determine the graves definite existence and size in July of 2017. Using 225 and 500 MHz antenna with a respective step size of 0.1m and 0.02m, two grids measuring 16m × 8m and 12m × 7m with lines spaced every quarter meter were collected on the suspected location of the mass grave. GPR datasets were processed using the GFP_Edit and EKKO_Project programs. Results showed the existence of a pit shaped feature measuring 10m × 8m at a depth of 0.2m to 0.8m in both of the grids. Analogous dimensions of the feature within the two collected grids coupled with historic data surrounding the grave's location and size, preliminary GPR investigation of the site is highly encouraging in determining the grave's parameters. This data can then be used to create a perimeter around the suspected location of the mass grave to ensure the grave will not be disturbed again in the future.
Approximately 5,000 to 7,000 Jewish men, women and children were detained and marched to the Fort on June 22, 1941 when the Nazis invaded the city . The Jews were then taken to a location near the eastern wall of the Fort, where they were shot and buried within a mass grave .
VIEW FULL TEXT: https://sci-hub.tw/10.1109/ICGPR.2018.8441590
Oddly enough, that paper's citation of what happened to these jews makes no sense. Citation #3 refers to this study: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ca ... graphy.pdf
Which is about an old cemetery in Ghana, which is in West Africa...
Regardless of this obvious mistake, apparently graves have been located using GPR. Do we know this was not caused by the USSR? Perhaps it was a Nazi execution of partisans?
We know some jews were transferred to camps from Kaunas. From Jurgen Graf's "The Giant with Feet of Clay" chapter 5:
Code: Select all
Study of the sources for concentration camp Stutthof reveals the fol-
Between the 12th July and the 14th October 1944 10,458 Jews were
transferred to Stutthof from Kaunas (Lithuania) and 14,585 Jews were
transferred there from Riga (Latvia); here are the dates and the loading of
the respective transports.69
What I don't understand is that according to this study, Jews were rounded up and executed in June 1941 by the Nazis in Kaunas, yet we have records of thousands of jews being deported to Stutthof from Kaunas a few years later???
Wikipedia describes a "June Uprising" by Lithuanians in 1941, were the Nazis even in Kaunas on June 22, 1941??
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/June_Upri ... #In_Kaunas