Belarus to move forward with construction of apartments at site of Nazi-era mass grave
Officials at a southwestern city in Belarus are forging ahead with plans to build a luxury apartment building complex despite finding a Nazi-era mass grave containing nearly 2,000 remains at the construction site.
The mass grave was discovered by construction workers in the city of Brest more than two months ago and since then, specially trained soldiers have unearthed the remains of hundreds of Jews, killed when the city was occupied by Nazi Germany.
It’s the site of the old Jewish ghetto in the city.
The bodies are tangled with the remains of shreds of cloth and the soles of shoes.
“You see the results of this horrible war and of a genocide,” the commander of the search battalion, Major Pavel Galetsky, told DW. “History speaks for itself here.”
Soldiers from a special "search battalion" of Belarus Defence Ministry collect the remains of about 730 prisoners of a former Jewish ghetto, discovered in a mass grave at a construction site in the center of Brest, Belarus February 26, 2019. REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko - RC1F95AFA340
One of the remains found was that of a female holding the skeleton of a baby, as if she’s been cradling it, the BBC reported.
Before World War II, almost half of the more than 50,000 population of Brest were Jews. Up to 5,000 men were executed shortly after the Nazis invaded in June 1941.
The rest was crammed into a ghetto only several blocks large surrounded by barbed wire.
In October 1942, an order from Nazi Germany came to wipe them out, the BBC reported.
Thousands were herded on to freight trains and were driven more than 60 miles to a forest and shot at the edge of a vast pit.
The city register kept by the Germans showed that on Oct. 15, 1942, there were 17,893 Jews in Brest, according to the BBC. The next day, that figure was scratched out.
"That's how we know when the ghetto was liquidated," community leader Efim Basin.
Only a handful of Jews in Brest survived the mass executions, DW reported.
A soldier from a special "search battalion" of Belarus Defence Ministry takes part in the exhumation of a mass grave containing the remains of about 730 prisoners of a former Jewish ghetto, discovered at a construction site in the center of Brest, Belarus February 26, 2019. REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko - RC1569C86700
Near the site of the old ghetto, a small marble stone is dedicated to the 34,000 Jews killed in around Brest during World War II.
For several weeks after the remains were discovered, it was unclear what would happen with the construction of the building complex, according to DW.
It seems that the planned apartment complex – a lucrative project for the city – will continue as planned.
Some, including the city’s head of the cultural department, believe that the city does not need another memorial, but it does need better apartments.
"There should be a place where people can live well, a nice corner of the city of Brest," Alla Kondak said.