"The Poles, and to a far greater extent the Jews, tend to exaggerate German atrocities in order to stoke us up."- Victor Cavendish-Bentinck, British Joint Intelligence Committee, 1943
In Juergen Graf's new book on Auschwitz testimonies (see recommended links section) he includes the 1941-44 reports by the Polish Resistance Movement at Auschwitz. After the invasion of Poland by Germany and the USSR in September 1939, the Warsaw government went into exile in Britain and it was replaced in 1940 by the "Delegatura". The Delegatura headed resistance movement activities within Auschwitz and other places in occupied Poland. They released a ni,ner reports which included both real, exaggerated, and completely fake accusations against the Germans. Graf reproduces 32 Polish reports and then adds his comments and critique.
- The Polish resistance managed to infiltrate virtually all parts of the camp's administration, so they would have known how the supposed gassings would have taken place, if they in fact had taken place
- In none of the reports is Zyklon-B mentioned, despite supposedly being the main murder method. Instead, a fake gas called "Kreuzolit" is mentioned
- Claims of individuals (especially children) being burned alive were common, despite being acknowledged as fake by modern orthodox historians
- Claims are made of people regaining consciousness after being gassed, fighting against being put into cremation pits or crematoria oven muffles
- "Hammer air" or "air hammer" was used, with a different definition depending on the documents. In one, it was an air rifle (perhaps like a captive bolt stunner) and people were shot in the back of the heads. In another, the "hammer" dropped from the ceilings.
- Claims of electrocution chambers and electric baths are made
- Absurd numbers like 30,000 people gassed in one day, or over 1 million Hungarian jews being gassed (there were less than 1/2 that many in existence).
- The cremations supposedly lasted only a few seconds in the oven muffles
- It is claimed that the gas comes out "instead of water" which would suggest the HCN from Zyklon-B was released out of shower heads/faucets which is absurd given the properties of the gas, and not even claimed by orthodox historians
From the book:
2.1. The Reports by the Polish Resistance Movement about the Gas Chambers of Auschwitz (1941-1944)
In September 1939, western Poland was overrun by the Germans, and the eastern part by the Soviet armies. Soon thereafter, Poland disappeared as an independent state. The government in Warsaw went into exile in Britain. From 1940 to 1945, the Delegatura held office, in the underground, as the Polish government’s representative in the areas that were occupied by Germany. It had representatives in the individual provinces and districts. The Delegatura was de facto a shadow government contesting the command of the country with the German occupying power. It was an underground state with its own educational system, own judiciary as well as its own armed forces, the Armia Krajowa.
One of the organizations that operated under the Delegatura was the “Department for Information and Press” (Departament Informacji i Prasy), which had two sections: the eastern and the western. The “Western Section” (Sekcja Zachodnia) sponsored conspiratorial underground activities in the part of Poland that had been annexed by Germany in 1939, including the area where Auschwitz was located. Hence, it also headed the activities of the resistance movement within the concentration camp. It consisted of five divisions, the most important of which was the “Division of Information Service” (Wydział Służby Informacyjnej). Its agents closely cooperated with the espionage division of the Armia Krajowa as well as with the intelligence networks of the political parties that were represented in the Delegatura. Via these groups, their reports got to the central organization in Warsaw.
It was obvious that the – partly real, partly invented – German crimes formed a central part of the reports, and that the concentration camps, especially Auschwitz as the largest of these, drew the special attention of the “Department for Information and Press.” The bulk of the respective reports has been published in the Polish book Obóz koncentracyjny Oświęcim w świetle akt delegatury rządu RP na kraj (Concentration Camp Auschwitz in the Light of Documents of the Delegation of the Government of the Polish Republic in the Homeland). This book contains a collection of the reports about Auschwitz that are in the archives of the Delegatura. The publishers put on record that the documents were published “in accordance with the received originals, without omissions or modifications,” and that only for typographical and punctuation were corrected. Further reports about Auschwitz can today be found in various archives: in that of the Polish Underground Movement (1939-1945) Study Trust in London; that of Yad Vashem (Jerusalem), that of the Public Record Office (Kew, Richmond, Great Britain) as well as lastly that of the Hoover Institution (Stanford, California). The archive of the London Polish Underground Movement (1939-1945) Study Trust contains a portion of the documents that had been forwarded by the resistance movement to the government in exile.
We are dealing with a total of 32 reports that fall into the period from October 24, 1941 until July 7, 1944. For unknown reasons, no documents have been preserved of the period July 1944 until January 1945.
The excellent Spanish researcher Enrique Aynat has published all available reports of the Delegatura about Auschwitz in a study titled “Los informes de la resistencia polaca sobre las cámeras de gas de Auschwitz” (“Reports by the Polish Resistance on the Gas Chambers of Auschwitz”), that forms the second part of his 1994 book Estudios sobre el “Holocausto” (Studies of the “Holocaust”). In most cases, he made do with quoting primarily those excerpts of the documents that to him were of importance, because the extermination procedures in general, and in particular the gas chambers were described in them. In 2004, a German translation prepared by myself of these excerpts was published, wherein I translated the reports of the resistance movement directly from the Polish texts. Where Aynat is here quoted directly, the citations are based on my translation into German.
Here now the documents, with their respective excerpts in chronological order:
Document No. 1
Published in: Obóz, p. 11.
Date: October 24, 1941.
“At the beginning of October, 850 Russian officers and NCOs (prisoners of war) were taken to Auschwitz and killed by gas to test a new type of combat gas to be used on the Eastern Front.”
Document No. 2
Published in: Obóz, p. 14.
Date: November 15, 1941.
Title: “Situation Report for the period from August 15 to November 15, 1941.”
“The camp became the scene of a gruesome crime when, during the night of 5 to 6 September, about 600 Soviet prisoners, including ‘Politruks’ of the army, and about 200 Poles were driven into a bunker; after the bunker was sealed, they were poisoned with gas, the bodies were taken to the crematorium and burned.”
Document No. 3
Published in: Obóz, p. 14.
Date: November 17, 1941.
Header: 1631. Informacja bieżąca 21.
“Auschwitz. The news of a sinister crime committed in the camp is confirmed. On the night of September 5 to 6, 1941, about 600 Soviet civilian prisoners brought there were driven into the bunker in Auschwitz, whereby their hands and feet were broken with clubs. Included were about 250 Poles. All openings of the bunker were sealed off, and the trapped people were poisoned with gases. Overnight, the corpses of the poisoned were hauled on 80 wagons into the crematorium, where they were burned.”
Document No. 4
Published in: Obóz, p. 16.
Date: December 15, 1941.
Title: “Supplement to appendix No. 21 for the period December 1–15, 1941.”
“Using a combat gas, about 500 prisoners were poisoned in a concrete bunker.”
Document No. 5
Published in: Obóz, p. 32.
Date: June 1942.
“There are very many murder methods, namely shooting by a firing squad, murder with Hammerluft [hammer air; German in the text], and finally gassing in gas chambers. The first as well as in the second are used to murder those who have been sentenced to death and sent [to Auschwitz] by the Gestapo; the third method is used with those who are unable to work, and those arriving with the transports already slated for this fate (Bolsheviks and, more recently, transports of Jews).”
Document No. 6
Published in Polish Fortnightly Review, No. 47, p. 2 (the Polish template has not been preserved).
Date: July 1, 1942.
Title: “Documents from Poland. German attempts to murder a nation. The Pawiak prison in Warsaw as well as the concentration camp Auschwitz.”
“Among the other experiments being tried on the prisoners is the use of poison gas. It is generally known that during the night of September 5th to 6th last year about a thousand people were driven down to the underground shelter in Oswięcim, among them seven hundred Bolshevik prisoners of war and three hundred Poles. As the shelter was too small to hold this large number, the living bodies were simply forced in, regardless of broken bones. When the shelter was full, gas was injected into it, and all the prisoners died during the night. All night the rest of the camp was kept awake by the groans and howls coming from the shelter. Next day other prisoners had to carry out the bodies, a task which took all day. One hand-cart on which the bodies were being removed broke down under the weight.”
Document No. 7
Published in: Obóz, p. 43.
Date: August 29, 1942.
Title: “Letter written in the Auschwitz Camp.”
“The most terrible thing is the mass executions by gas in special chambers built for this purpose. There are two of them, and they can hold 1,200 people. They are set up like showers, which unfortunately emit gas instead of water. In this way, they execute predominantly whole transports of people who are not prepared for it. They are told that they enter a bathroom, even give them towels – in this way, they have already sent 300,000 to their deaths. They used to be buried in ditches; today, they are burned in specially excavated ditches outdoors. Death is caused by suffocation, because blood comes out of the nose and mouth.”
Document No. 8
Published in: Obóz, p. 48.
Date: October 10, 1942.
Title: “Report about the situation in the nation for the period from August 26 – October 10, 1942.”
“Gas chambers. The first use of gas chambers took place in June 1941. They assembled a transport of 1,700 terminally ill patients and sent them ‘officially’ to a sanatorium in Dresden, but actually to a building that had been converted into a gas chamber. The building, however, proved too small and impractical. It was decided to build 5 new chambers in Brzezinka, 7 kilometers from the camp. Their construction was completed in April 1942. These 5 chambers are five buildings without windows, with a double door sealed by screws, as well as devices for the introduction of gas and for ventilation; each building is designed for 700 people. Between the buildings are laid the rails of a railway, with which the corpses are brought to the ditches which have been excavated in the nearby woods. The gassing of 3,500 people including all preparatory and subsequent work takes 2 hours. They mainly gas Bolshevist prisoners and Jews. Among the Poles especially those [who are] terminally ill. In the reports sent from the camp to Berlin the number of those gassed is not indicated.”
Document No. 9
Published in: Obóz, p. 52.
Date: October 23, 1942.
Header: “163-A/1. Informacja bieżąca No. 39 (64).”
“Up to the 15th of August, the ‘death book’ officially registered 18,800 cremations. But apart from this official figure (inmates from Poland and the Reich), thousands of Jews from Poland, France, Holland and Germany died, as well as Serbs, Czechs, Slovaks, Hungarians, even Italians; furthermore a certain number of Polish ‘resettlers,’ and finally Russian prisoners of war: of these, about 60,000 arrived in the course of the year, and none of them survived: they tested the effects of battle gases on them. The property robbed in the camp of the Jews from France and Holland exceeds the value of 60 million prewar Reichsmark; it consists of gold and valuables. According to the report of an SS man deployed at the electric chambers, the number of these victims unofficially amounts up to 2,500 per night. They are executed by an electric bath as well as in gas chambers. The camp dogs have also destroyed a large number of victims.”
Document No. 10
Published in: Obóz, pp. 60f.
Date: November 10, 1942.
Title: “To headquarters. Copies of reports and memories from the penal camp Auschwitz.”
“The first use of gas chambers (Degasungskammer) [sic!] took place in June 1941. A transport of 1,700 people was put together (terminally ill persons, those suffering from venereal diseases, Körperschwäche [German in original; physically weak persons], cripples, patients recovering from chest surgery, meningitis patients) and they were sent to a sanatorium in Dresden (so the official announcement). In reality, they were transported to a building that had been converted into a gas chamber. The building proved too small and impractical. It was decided to build five modern chambers in Brzezinka (Birkenau), 7 kilometers from the camp. The construction was completed in April 1942. There are 6 blocks (without windows, double doors shut with screws, modern gas-supply and ventilation systems) for 700 persons each. Between the blocks, a narrow-gauge railway hauls the bodies to ditches, each 4 km long, in nearby forests. Another train brings lime to sprinkle over the bodies. The whole area of the D-chamber [sic] is a restricted area; anyone who does not work there but is present on the territory anyway faces the death penalty (this also applies to the SS, the Wehrmacht, civilians and prisoners). The gassing of 3,500 people takes 2 hours.”
Document No. 11
Published in: Obóz, p. 69.
Date: November 1942.
Title: “To headquarters. From the letter of an Auschwitz detainee.”
“Usually two transports arrive every week with Jews from Slovakia, France, the coal-mining area or the Government General. Jews from the coal-mining area as well as from the Government General are poisoned en masse; it is difficult for us to determine the number, but it [is] so huge that they cannot keep up with removing the clothing of those poisoned. Some 15,000 of them were lying next to the gas chambers, although corpses were removed daily with carts. There are two poisoning sites: in the camp crematorium (capacity 400 people) and in Birkenau, where several houses with considerably larger capacities have been prepared for this purpose in the forest. The gassing victims are buried in large pits, to which a dedicated railway line was laid to facilitate transportation. To fill them [the pits], civilian Jews are used who are themselves poisoned after some time.”
Document No. 12
Published in: Obóz, p. 54.
Date: November 1, 1942.
Title: “About life in the camp.”
“When the squad is sent to work, they [the doomed] are taken to the yard of the penal company, where the executions take place through the ‘Hammerluft’ [so in the original; “hammer air”]. The prisoners’ hands are tied behind their backs, and they are led individually into the yard. There the barrel of this air rifle is aimed [at the back of their heads], and a silent shot is fired. The hammer hits the lower part of the skull, and the compressed air crushes the whole brain. The corpses are thrown onto a pile, and then it’s the next victim’s turn. According to accounts received, terrible scenes are taking place there.”
Document No. 13
Published in: Obóz, pp. 79f.
Date: January 1943.
Title: “Addition to K.B./r. O.K. No. 3 – Part I.”
“Numerical statistics for the existence of the Auschwitz Camp up to the 15th of December 1942. […]
Gassing victims from France, Belgium and Holland: 502,000
Gassing victims from Poland: 20,000.”
Document No. 14
Published in: Obóz, p. 89.
Date: February 24, 1943.
Title: “Report about the situation in the govenor generalship for the period from January 24 – February 24, 1943.”
“Jews poisoned with gas 520,000, some 20,000 of them from Poland, the rest from France, Belgium, Holland, Yugoslavia and other countries.”
Document No. 15
Published in: Obóz, p. 90.
Date: February 28, 1943.
Title: “Appendix No. 48 for the period from February 16 – 28, 1943.”
“Gassed Jews from Poland 20,000; from France, Belgium, Holland 502,000.”
Document No. 16
Published in: Obóz, p. 97.
Date: March 26, 1943.
Header: 252-A/1. Informacja bieżąca No. 12 (85).
“Outside of the numbering [meaning death cases not numerically registered], there are the transports destined for the gas, mainly Jews, to date more than 500,000.”
Document No. 17
Published in: Obóz, pp. 100f.
Date: April, 1943.
Header: IV. 33.
“The Auschwitz Camp lacks gas to poison the inmates; for reasons of economy, people remain half-poisoned and are then burned. In the crematorium, the walls are stained with blood – if a person stunned by the effect of the gas comes to in the furnace, he scratches the concrete with his fingers while fighting against death. The same happens during open-air incinerations, where the poisoned people inside the cremation pits regain consciousness after some time. Legends circulate about these cremation pits – they are known as ‘eternal fires’ because they are blazing day and night.”
Document No. 18
Published in: Obóz, p. 98.
Date: April 2, 1943.
Title: “Report on the most important events in the nation during the period from March 28 to April 2, 1943 No. 12/43.”
“The data mentioned does not include the transports of those destined for the gas chambers, who have a separate numbering. Here, the numbering already exceeds 500,000 people, mostly Jews.”
Document No. 19
Unpublished. Yad Vashem, M-2/261.
Date: April 18, 1943.
Title: “Report compiled April 18 in London. I personally know the informant.”
“Auschwitz. I lived in Auschwitz for a few weeks. I know the conditions exactly because I’ve been researching them and I have been there for that purpose. From those released from Auschwitz, I obtained extremely accurate information about what is going on there. When I left Auschwitz at the end of September, more than 95,000 inmates had already been registered, but there were also non-registered inmates. Among them were 20,000 Bolshevik prisoners of war who had been brought there in the summer of 1940 [sic; no doubt 1941 was meant], as well as large masses of Jews deported there from other countries. The prisoners of war died of starvation. The Jews were executed en masse. When I left, there were about 15,000 prisoners at Auschwitz. Of those registered, at least 60,000 had been murdered. Based on the certain information I obtained on the spot, I can assert that the Germans used the following killing systems:
a/ gas chambers. The victims have to strip naked, then they are jammed into the chambers and poisoned; b/ electric chambers: These chambers had metal walls; the victims were led in, and they were exposed to high voltage; c/ the system of the so-called Hammerluft [German in original]: This is an air hammer. There were special chambers where the hammer drops down from the ceiling, and where the victims were killed by the air pressure by means of a special device. d/ shootings: This is mainly used as a form of collective punishment in cases of disobedience, with one in ten being shot.
The first three methods are used most frequently, the last more rarely. The Gestapo men, with gas masks donned, stood in a place higher than the gas chambers, cynically reveling in the mass killing of the victims.
The Germans loaded the bodies [on vehicles] and took them away; outside of Auschwitz, they excavated graves and pits with the aid of gigantic diggers and sprinkled lime on the bodies. Cremation of the victims by means of electric furnaces is practiced less often because only 250 bodies could be burned in these furnaces within 24 hours.”
Document No. 20
Unpublished. Polish Underground Movement (1939-1945) Study Trust, a reference number was not given.
Title: “Fragment of a report by the [Polish] State Department [in Exile] for the first half of the year 1943.”
“Jews poisoned with gas 520,000, among them 20,000 from Poland, the rest from France, Belgium, Holland, Yugoslavia and other countries.”
Document No. 21
Published in: Obóz, p. 107.
Date: July 15, 1943.
Header: S.Z. S. I.
Title: “Report broadcast by the BBC for the world.”
“By the end of 1942, 468,000 Jews had been poisoned with gas in the Auschwitz Camp without having been registered previously. This is an officially confirmed figure. [...] From September of last year until the beginning of June of this year, 181,000 Jews from Poland, Greece, France, Belgium, Holland and Czechoslovakia were brought to Auschwitz. Of these, 177,000 were executed by gas poisoning. [...] Lately, killings by decapitation have also been carried out in Auschwitz.”
Document No. 22
Published in: Obóz, pp. 111f.
Date: August 18, 1943.
Title: “Letter of a detainee of Auschwitz. Appendix No. 1 to I.B. No. 32 (105).”
“Whole transports are sent directly into the gas without any numbering [= registration]. The number of those affected already exceeds 500,000. Mainly Jews. Recently, transports of Poles from the Lublin area are going directly into the gas (men and women). The children are just thrown into the fire. Behind Birkenau burns the so-called ‘eternal fire’ – a pile of corpses under the open sky – because the crematories cannot handle the workload.
Recently, for military purposes, experiments have been conducted with gassings in the open air instead of in the chamber.[...] The new crematorium burns about 5,000 people daily, mostly Jews.”
Document No. 23
Published in: Obóz, pp. 119f.
Date: August 27, 1943.
Title: “Report on the most important events in the camp. Weekly report for the period from 27th of August 43 – 33/43. Numbers for Auschwitz and Trawniki.”
“Apart from them [the other victims], Jews who are not recorded by the registration are poisoned in the gas chambers (so far, half a million). [...] In the crematorium, 5,000 bodies are cremated daily, and when the number of victims is greater, the others are burned alive in the ‘eternal fire’ in the open air at Birkenau – children are thrown alive into the fire.”
Document No. 24
Published in: Obóz, pp. 124f, 129.
Date: Sept. 22, 1943.
Title: “Appendix No. 1 to I.B. No. 37 (110). 22nd of Sept. 43. Translation of the reports of an SS functionary at the headquarters of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp (when publishing, round the numbers, do not mention source!).”
Up to Sept. 1942, 468,000 unregistered Jews were poisoned with gas in Auschwitz. From Sept. 1942 to June 1943, some 60,000 Jews arrived from Greece (Thessaloniki, Athens); from Slovakia and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia: 50,000; from Holland, Belgium and France: some 60,000; from Chrzanova: 6,000; from Ket, Zywca, Suchj as well as Slemien and surroundings: 5,000. Of these, 2% are still alive today. Of the remaining 98%, entirely healthy and young people were frequently sent into the gas, who were often burned while only half-dead. Every transport arriving at Auschwitz is unloaded; men and women are separated, and then 98% of them (mainly women and children) are loaded (en masse) onto trucks without selection and taken to the gas chambers in Birkenau; after horrible agonies (asphyxiation) lasting 10 to 15 minutes, the corpses are thrown through an opening and burned on a pyre. It should also be mentioned that those doomed are forced to take a bath before entering the gas chamber.
As a result of the lack of toxic gases, they often burn people who are still half alive. There are currently three large crematories in Brzezinka for the cremation of 10,000 people a day, which are constantly cremating bodies and are called the ‘eternal fire’ by the local population. [...] In addition, there is a crematorium in the men’s camp near Rajsko, where predominantly the bodies of those are burned who had been executed from the prisons of Katowice and other places are. [...] Since the crematories could not handle such a mass of bodies, the corpses were usually incinerated in an open pit in a field near Brzezinka, and after three days there was nothing else to see but flames that were ablaze where people were being burned. [...] Brzezinka celebrated its record with the gassing of 30,000 people on a single day.”
Document No. 25
Published in: Obóz, p. 142.
Date: November 30, 1943.
Title: “Appendix No. 61 for the period from 1st to 30th of November 1943.”
“Mass murders of Jews, mainly women, continue to take place in the gas chambers. [...] During the gassing of 30,000 Jews from Zagłębie Dabrowskie, the crematories could not keep up with cremating the bodies so that they were burned on pyres, and the children were thrown alive into the fire.”
Document No. 26
Unpublished. Polish Underground Movement (1939-1945) Study Trust; a reference number was not given.
Date: February 2, 1944.
Title: “The concentration camp in Auschwitz.”
“The crematorium is underground; it is built following the pattern of an air raid shelter. Only the chimney protrudes above ground, in whose construction the informant was also involved. The informant does not know where the gas chambers are located; he merely heard that they are underground, built on the pattern of the crematorium.”
Document No. 27
Unpublished. Archive: Underground Movement (1939-1945) Study Trust; no archival reference given
Date: April 12, 1944.
Title: “Lichtenstein. Memorandum from a conversation on 12 April. 44.”
“Thousands of Jews from all Western countries, such as Holland, Belgium, France, were sent to Auschwitz. There was a selection; the strongest were sent to work, and they were admitted to the labor camp. The majority of those unfit for work, the physically weakest, were sent to the so-called disinfection – often entire families at once. But these were actually execution chambers. The people were told to undress, their hair was shorn off, and they were driven into immense halls where the disinfection took place. There were seven of these halls. Each of them could hold about 1,500 people. After the halls had been filled with people, the air was pumped out, and then an agent – Kreuzolit – was thrown into the disinfection locality through a small window. After three to five minutes, the people inside were executed. There were seven furnaces nearby to burn the bodies; each furnace had seven openings for throwing in the bodies. The combustion process lasted only a few seconds.”
Document No. 28
Unpublished in the Polish language. Translation into English: Polish Fortnightly Review, No. 115, May 1, 1945, pp. 1-6; Polish Underground Movement (1939-1945) Study Trust, 3. 16.
Date: May 24, 1944.
Title: “Letter to ‘Mister President of the Polish Republic’.”
“In Brzezinka there are six ‘chimneys,’ or crematoria. They are never idle. [...] Cremating the bodies of those who die in the camp is only a small part of the crematoria’s function. The chimneys are intended for the living, not the dead. And every day, yes indeed, every day, trains with Jews from Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Hungary, Italy, Germany, Holland, Belgium, France, Poland and until recently also from Russia are arriving on the railroad track leading into the camp area. The transports include men, women and children. 10% of the women from each transport are admitted to the camp, have a number tatooed, a star put onto their clothes, and increase the camp’s strength. The rest is simply sent to the gas chamber. It is impossible to describe the scenes unfolding during this. [...] It is terrible to think about it, terrible to see when trucks are rolling on the camp road driving to their death 4,000 children under the age of 10 (children from the Theresienstadt Ghetto in Bohemia). Some of them wept and cried: Mama! Others, however, smiled at passerbys and waved their little hands. A quarter hour later, none of them was left alive, and the little bodies stunned by the gas burned in ghastly furnaces. And again, who would have thought such scenes possible? But I assure and guarantee you that this is really how it was, and I call upon the living and the dead as witnesses. Stunned by the gas… Yes, because gas was expensive, and the ‘Sonderkommando’ who operated the death chamber used it sparingly. The doses used killed the weaker ones, but the stronger ones were put to sleep only for a moment. The latter regain consciousness on the cremation carts and fall alive into the humming fiery maw.”
Document No. 29
Published in: Obóz, p. 162.
Date: June 4, 1944.
Title: “Report from the territory, June 4, 1944.”
“Every day, about 3,000 Jews are gassed and then burned in the crematorium. The Poles quartered in brick barracks claim that these barracks are mined. Underneath the floor there are reported to be two large metal pipes that run parallel to the barracks and are connected to the electrical wires leading to Block No. 11 of the Political Department.”
Document No. 30
Published in: Obóz, p. 168.
Date: June 17, 1944.
Title: “Extermination of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz.”
“The liquidation of the Jews is organized as follows:
Sealed trains are waiting on a special track to be unloaded. The transports that the gas halls are unable to process had to camp out in a nearby forest, closely guarded by SS men. The wait for death sometimes lasted several days. Between the railroad ramp and the gassing facility, a continuous stream of people, whose turn it is now, passes by day and night, depending on how quickly the bodies are pulled out. Trucks are rolling in the middle of the avenue, taking the weak, the old and the children off the ramp. The healthy march on foot and are unaware to the last moment that they are going to their deaths. SS men with machine guns are in rifle pits along the road. All suitcases and any private property remain on the railway ramp. They are then taken to the warehouses called ‘Canada,’ where a special team of inmates sort them. At the ramp, a mass of suitcases and packages is piling up, 300 m long, 20 m wide and as high as one floor. In front of the enormous barracks labeled ‘Personal Effects Chamber’ are heaps of clothes; they fail to keep up with sorting and packing them. At the entrance to the gas chamber, the people have to surrender everything; the money and the valuables they carry must be ‘deposited,’ whereupon they strip naked and hand over their clothes, which are later examined to see if any valuables are sewn into them. After surrendering their clothes, the unfortunates are taken to the bath, i.e. the gas chamber, in groups of 1,000 people. They are not even given towels and soap, as was formerly the case, because there is no time for that. Both gas chambers are in continuous operation day and night, yet still cannot cope with the crowds. Between the killing of each group, only a short break is taken to remove the corpses, which are thrown to the other side of the chamber where the doomed don’t see them. Entire mountains of corpses are on that side of the chamber. The crematories cannot keep up with the cremations. The hair of all victims is shorn off by a special crew of hairdressers; the hair is stuffed in bags as raw material. A team of dentists carefully examines the mouth openings of all victims, tearing out gold and platinum crowns; since there is little time, entire jaws are torn off. Another team of ‘specialists’ sticks their hands into the vaginas of female corpses in search of hidden valuables. Then the bodies thusly ravished and examined get cremated. There are 4 crematories in operation, 1 brick-firing kiln, and they also incinerate on pyres outdoors. The black, dense billows of smoke can be seen from afar. One crematorium is temporarily out of order, but is being repaired at an accelerated pace. The need for repairs was the natural consequence of burned-out grates and furnace parts as a result of the constant strain. The crew charged with robbing, murdering and removing the corpses is called ‘Sonderkommando’ and is 2,000 strong. These are healthy and strong Jews who will also face death after having completed their work. At present, the number of gassed Hungarian Jews exceeds 100,000 and continues to grow every day. In the near future, Auschwitz is to destroy 1,200,000 Hungarian Jews.”
Document No. 31
Published in: Obóz, p. 168.
Date: June 17, 1944.
Title: “Camp. Auschwitz.”
“Immediately upon arrival, they have to hand over all the valuables and their money, and they receive a proper receipt for that; then they wait for the ‘bath.’ Before the bath, they shear off the women’s hair, which is then sorted by a special unit and sent in packages to the Reich. The clothes are also sorted by another unit, apparently for disinfection. The entire time until the gas chamber is closed, they are treated politely and calmly. After the gassing (hydrogen cyanide), the corpses are once more searched by a unit under close observation of SS men; above all, they carefully pull all the gold teeth. The daily yield of gold from the bodies is 10-13 kg. Then the bodies are burned. Since May 1, four crematories are in operation day and night, as well as a brick-firing kiln, and sometimes they also cremate on pyres. The daily liquidation rate is 10,000. All Hungarian Jews are to be finished off in this way – their number is 1,200,000. [...] Among the SS men there are nervous breakdowns and cases of mental derangement – those affected then go together with the Jews to the crematorium. There is a mild regiment inside the camp. After a new commander took over in October, the death penalty for escape attempts was abolished. But on May 1, the old commander Grabner returned, the infamous organizer of mass executions, who is now all of a sudden involved in liquidating the Jews.”
Document No. 32
Published in: Obóz, p. 174.
Date: July 7, 1944.
Header: 362/A-1. Informacja bieżąca No. 27 (151).
Title: “Massacre of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz.”
“So far, several hundred thousand Hungarian Jews have been gassed in Auschwitz. Until the very end, the victims are convinced that they are destined to be resettled to Silesia or to be exchanged for German prisoners of war in England. The transports are subjected to a selection: men, women, children. Suitcases, clothes, valuables and money are handed over ‘for safekeeping,’ and after the victims have stripped naked, they go in groups into the ‘bath,’ meaning to their death in the gas chamber. Special units shear off the corpses’ hair and collect it, tear out teeth with gold crowns, and look for valuables in the women’s vaginas. The crematories cannot keep up with burning the bodies. There were jams, and some had to wait a few days for the ‘bath.’ 2,000 healthy Jews were separated from the rest, were admitted to the Gleiwitz Camp, and were ordered to write optimistic letters to Hungary. They know nothing about the fate of the others.”
What about the credibility of these reports? Enrique Aynat had the following to say about this (1994, pp. 107-110):“The resistance in Poland waged a relentless war against the German occupiers, a war in which information and propaganda constituted weapons of vital importance. And both the propaganda and the intelligence of the Polish resistance were characterized by not shying away from spreading the grossest exaggerations and lies, undoubtedly a result of the deep hatred that the Poles felt towards the Germans at that time.
For example, we will see below some expressions contained in the document ‘Report on conditions in Poland, 27 Nov. 1942,’ clandestinely sent from Warsaw to the Polish government in London.
According to this report, the Germans had proposed to physically eliminate the entire Polish population. Indeed, ‘Poland differs from all other occupied countries in that ‘a deliberate attempt is being made to exterminate her people’ (page 1). To this end, a ‘program of complete extermination’ had been established that would result in the ‘biological extermination of the Polish nation’ (page 35). To this end ‘everything would be employed that modern science has invented, all that human beings devoid of a conscience are capable of’ (page 62).
The extermination program included, among others, the following methods: individual and mass crimes, concentration camps and prisons, biological destruction and starvation, and destruction of Polish culture. The ‘systematic demoralization carried out by the Germans in Poland’ deserves special mention, which is ‘especially directed against the Polish youth’ (page 43). In particular, the only books published in Polish by the Germans were ‘obscene, pornographic or perverting’ (page 43). There was no cinema or theater in Polish, except those meant to undermine the moral and patriotism of the people. Admission to these events was free, even obligatory for Polish youth. Young people were shot for not attending (page 44). Everything was very expensive in Poland, except the attendance at these events and whiskey, ‘which they dish out during dinner in the youth labor camps’ (page 44). The Germans had crowned their work of moral contamination of the Polish people by establishing an extensive network of ‘gambling casinos, cabarets, dance halls and houses of prostitution’ (page 44). […]
The previous example confirms the initial suspicions that the information and propaganda clandestinely circulated in Poland were not objective. Moreover, if the Polish resistance had been capable of inventing a supposed plan of the Germans for the biological extermination of the Polish people, one would have to admit the possibility, mutatis mutandis, that they would also have been capable of inventing a German plan for the biological extermination of the Jewish people. More specifically, if the Polish resistance was lying and exaggerating with respect to general information, it would most likely lie and exaggerate also with regard to specific information about Auschwitz. Therefore, from this point of view it would also be necessary to consider as suspicious from the outset the documents that are the object of this study. […]
In the documents examined, borderline situations abound, cases of extreme drama, appeals to sentimentality or feelings of horror, if not tales of unbelievable facts, plain and simple. On the other hand, if the events of mass annihilation by means of gas had really occurred, one might think that describing them simply and concisely would have been already horrible enough, hence not needing any dramatic tension through literary devices on top of this.”
We now compare the reports by the Polish resistance movement to the postwar narrative of Auschwitz that has crystallized with Czech’s Chronicle (1990) and is accepted since the beginning of the 1990s, when the number of four million victims was officially thrown overboard, by all orthodox historians. Our comparison addresses four points:
a. Killing methods
b. Location and number of the extermination facilities
c. Death toll
d. Various inconsistencies and lunacies
Of resounding importance is the fact that in none of the reports was Zyklon B even mentioned. Instead, the following murder methods are depicted none of which are acknowledged by current orthodox historiography:
– Being burned while alive: This classic motif of the atrocity propaganda is the central theme of the “eyewitness reports” of the wartime as well as of the immediate post-wartime, but it has not been mentioned by orthodox historiography for many decades. The gruesome effect that the reports about Auschwitz were aimed to have on their addressees is intensified by the fact that among the victims of live burnings, children are especially mentioned (Documents 22, 23, 25, 28). Additional blood-curdling details can be found for instance in Document 17, where we read:
“In the crematorium, the walls are stained with blood – if a person stunned by the effect of the gas comes to in the furnace, he scratches the concrete with his fingers while fighting against death. The same happens during open-air incinerations, where the poisoned people inside the cremation pits regain consciousness after some time.”
– “War gas”: The executions of Russian POWs in order to test an effective gas – also claimed today by orthodox historiography and dated from September 3 to September 5 by the Kalendarium – were conducted by means of war gas according to Documents 1 and 4. If we follow Document 9, dated October 23, 1942, then up to that moment no less than 60,000 Russian POWs had been murdered by means of war gas.
– “Hammer air” or “air hammer”: The writers of the respective reports are not in accord as to what this was supposed to be. According to Document 12, the “air hammer” was an air rifle with which the executes where shot in the back of their heads; according to Document 19, the “hammer” dropped down from the ceiling, after which the victims found their death by means of a “special contraption.”
– Electrocution: An “electrical bath” or “electrical chambers” (Document 9).
– Decapitation: Document 21.
– Gassings in the open air: Document 22.
– A fictitious gas called “Kreuzolit”: Document 27.
Location and Number of Extermination Facilities
Of an even greater significance than the absence of any indication of Zyklon B is the fact that one of the reports specifies that the gas chambers were located in the crematories of Birkenau. That there was a homicidal gas chamber in Crematory I of the Auschwitz Main Camp is claimed in at least one report (Document 11).
Some of reports mentioning “gas chambers” are silent as to their location and number. The rest of the reports aver the following:
– Document 7: Two gas chambers exist in Auschwitz. “They are set up like showers, which unfortunately emit gas instead of water.”
– Document 8: One gas chamber in Auschwitz I, five gas chambers in Birkenau (falsely claimed to be located seven kilometers away from the Main Camp). These five chambers were “five buildings without windows, with […] devices for the introduction of gas and for ventilation.”
– Document 10: One gas chamber in Auschwitz I, “five modern chambers” in Birkenau. Additionally, there were “6 blocks (without windows, […] modern gas-supply and ventilation systems.” The relationship between the “five modern chambers” and the “6 blocks” does not become clear.
– Document 11: Two “poisoning sites,” one in the crematory of the Main Camp, one in Birkenau, “where several houses with considerably larger capacities have been prepared for this purpose in the forest.”
– Document 26: The gas chambers were located in an unknown place “underground.”
– Document 27: In Birkenau there were seven “immense halls”, into which “Kreuzolit” was poured.
– Document 30: There were two gas chambers in Birkenau.
The inept propagandistic character of the reports can also be seen from the absurd death tolls claimed in many of them. I will make do with three examples:
According to Document 13, which is from February 28, 1943, 502,000 Jews from France, Belgium and The Netherlands had been gassed up to that point in time. Fact is, however, that according to Serge Klarsfeld (1978) a little more than 68,000, and according to Carlo Mattogno (2003b) approximately 65,400 Jews arrived from France in Auschwitz; for Belgium the number was approximately 23,600, for The Netherlands around 56,500 (both ibid).
According to Document 24, in Birkenau 30,000 (thirty thousand) people were gassed in one day.
According to Documents 30 and 31, both from June 17, 1944, the extermination of 1.2 million Hungarian Jews was planned. This number was about 40% higher than the total number of Hungarian Jews and almost three times as high as the number of Jews deported from Hungary (437,000, of which not all arrived in Auschwitz).
Various Inconsistencies and Lunacies
– Document 24:
“Since the crematories could not handle such a mass of bodies, the corpses were usually incinerated in an open pit in a field near Brzezinka.”
This report is from September 22, 1943. I remind the reader that orthodox historiography explicitly excludes incinerations in open air for the year 1943.
– Document 27:
“There were seven furnaces nearby [the seven immense halls] to burn the bodies; each furnace had seven openings for throwing in the bodies. The combustion process lasted only a few [seven?] seconds.” (my emphasis)
This “factual report” does not say whether the seven miracle furnaces, each with seven openings, right next to the seven immense halls were located behind the seven mountains with the seven dwarfs…
– Document 30:
“At the ramp, a mass of suitcases and packages is piling up, 300 m long, 20 m wide and as high as one floor.”
Why weren’t the Polish resistance fighters, who had managed to infiltrate all pivotal points of the camp’s administration, able to convey at least a somewhat credible account of the events in the camp rather than letting their fantasies run wild? Aynat provides the following conclusive answer to this question (1994, pp. 133-135):“It could be argued, from the point of view of the official thesis, that the mass-extermination events by means of gas chambers really happened, but that they were only known in detail by a small group of people: the members of the Sonderkommando who worked in the crematories and who were in charge of carrying and cremating the corpses. The Sonderkommando was isolated from the rest of the detainees, and its members were annihilated and replaced periodically. In this way, according to this interpretation, only vague rumors of these massive executions with gas would have been leaked out, but not the modus operandi, the exact location of the gas chambers, the layout of their interiors, their number, or the toxic agent used. In short, the members of the resistance inside Auschwitz are said to have given free rein to their imagination around a certain fact. Finally, when the camp was liberated in 1945, the Soviet and Polish authorities presumably managed to bring to light all the details thanks to the study of blueprints, the inspection of the sites, the confessions of captured SS men and the testimonies of the few surviving Sonderkommando members.
In my opinion, this hypothesis is untenable. It is inconceivable that the Polish resistance, whose members managed to infiltrate the camp’s control centers and who had numerous venues of communicating with the outside world at their disposal, did not know all the details of a daily slaughter of several thousand people that was taking place before their eyes. To give just one example, even if assuming that the isolation of the Sonderkommando was as complete as is claimed, anyone could have seen that thousands of people entered the area of the crematories every day and that nobody came out again. The extant photographs show that the four Birkenau crematories were perfectly visible from the rest of the camp, from which they were separated by just one line of barbed wire. However, as already indicated, no document mentions that the gas chambers were located inside the crematories.
According to a second hypothesis, the homicidal gas chambers of Auschwitz are said to have been a propaganda lie created in 1941 by the Polish resistance. On the previous pages we have seen that most of the documents studied were disseminated – and possibly also created – by information and propaganda organizations of the resistance. We also revealed how the resistance spread false reports about the activities and intentions of the Germans in Poland, such as the plan to physically exterminate the Polish people. Finally, we have moreover seen how information about extermination methods at Auschwitz was put into circulation of which we know today that they never existed. Consequently, it is perfectly logical to assume that the gas chambers were one more invention of the resistance’s information and propaganda agencies aimed at discrediting the German occupiers.
In my opinion, this would be the most reasonable explanation according to a rigorous historical methodology.”
 Zagłębie. It’s not clear what is meant by this; it could refer to the coal-rich area of upper Silesia.
 This refers to the crematory at the Auschwitz Main Camp; the crematoria at Birkenau had not yet been built.
 This probably refers to the corpse-insertion cart used in the old crematoria of the Main Camp to push a body into the muffle.
 Jean-Claude Pressac, who during the course of his research has developed into a half-revisionist, I do not reckon to be an orthodox historian.
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