Most likely these are local communists and communist collaboraters being shot, something that, if true, I applaud.
Also that would be a war crime.
That really depends on the context. For instance,
reprisal shootings were only forbidden in the
Geneva convention of August of 1949. It is good
to remember that even after that some still
used reprisals as a tactic
such as the french in the 50s in Indochina and in
the 60's in Algeria.
Liepaja, being a naval base, was under Kriegsmarine command, and from it's perimeter gate nothing could happen there without navy authority. I can't imagine the SS using it for summary executions. First, because they'd need navy permission and cooperation, which they would never get, Grandadmiral Erich Raeder would never have let them on his turf for an instant;
It seems like a fair objection but I am not so
sure. The only agency which was admitted to
forward areas on the eastern front was precisely
the RSHA, which set up the Einsatzgruppen.
Plus, the uniforms of the officers and soldiers
conducting the executions are not those of the navy.
It is also possible to see local auxiliaries
wearing their armbands. I think this could be
a kommando of Einsatzgruppe A.
These men were marked the way Jews in Liepaja had to be marked according to Brückner's decree.
They must have been Jews.
I suppose there is a good chance they are jews.
Revisionist researchers dont deny jews were shot
as hostages or in reprisals, probably more often than
non-jews. It is possible as well, that the patches may
have a different significance as other posters have mentioned.
Then we must look at the number alleged in the bizarre Liepaja stories; thousands at time are alleged, not the few shown in this film.
The thousands (including women and children) were killed later, in the winter.
Not really Vallon. According to Einsatzgruppe A' reports,
dozens of thousands of jews had already been killed
by October 1941. Hilberg claims the first
killing sweep began in August 41 and lasted until
December. Personally, I have no faith in those strange
The execution of Jews, if they were Jews, on the beach of Liepaja, is no proof of a state policy of extermination, any more than the mass hanging of Lakota Indians in Minnesota (VERY well documented with photographs) was proof of a policy of extermination there. Repression, yes. Extermination, no.
That is the way I feel about this too. The footage
reminded me of Paget's objections that the
einsatzgruppen could have killed the gigantic
numbers claimed in the reports. We see how the
trucks transport only a few people
each time. I believe the shootings conducted
by the germans in the east were
like the ones shown in this film, and that is the
reason why the soviets failed to find any
impressive mass graves.
I think it is important to remember that the minister
of the Reich for the occupied eastern territories,
A.Rosenberg, mentioned in the Brown portfolio
of June 1941, the need for different measures
for different classes of jews.
He says that communist jews, those that had moved
to the baltic countries and others places, after soviet
invasions, should be removed by severe measures.
The vast majority of the soviet jews, were to be registered.
One last comment about the film;
Has anyone ever seen condemned men so eager
to be executed? These guys actually
run towards the execution trench. No hesitation,
anxiety, nothing, just lets get it over with. I am
not suggesting the movie is not authentic or that
the prisoners should have tried to escape(they are
heavily outnumbered) but their eagerness to be shot
struck me as peculiar.