Auschwitz/Birkenau – July 28, 1944
Auschwitz/Birkenau - August 2 1944
Auschwitz/Birkenau - August 25, 1944
These lists show each very large numbers of “Heizer” (stokers) assigned to the crematoriums in Birkenau:
July 28, 1944: 3 skilled + 870 unskilled stokers
August 2, 1944: 3 skilled + 870 unskilled stokers
August 25, 1944: 4 skilled + 870 unskilled stokers
The hoaxers herald this as proof that this large number of stokers was necessary in order to handle the cremation of all the Jews which were allegedly killed by gas. Especially Jews from Hungary.
The only comments about the number of stokers I found were in a thread on the old CODOH-discussion forum "an alleged document / why so many 'heizers'?"
where both sides of the fence described their views on this.
This is my take on it:
The cremation process with the Topf-designed ovens is in my opinion not very labor intensive. All that is necessary is to shove the corpse into the muffle, close the muffle door and wait one hour for the next body to put in. The work required would be to adjust the air dampers in order to keep the muffle temperature within the allowed range and to shovel coke into the coke oven.
I estimate under full capacity condition two workers to operate the muffles and one coke shoveler per cremation oven. Which amounts to 15 workers for the five ovens in Krema II. Additionally I estimate five workers to move the corpses from the elevator to the cremation ovens and for clean-up, and also five workers to move the bodies from the morgue 1 to the elevator in the basement. This gives a total of 35 workers for each shift, i.e. 70 workers total for Krema II. I would estimate the same number for all the other crematoriums, with a total of 280 workers under maximum conditions.
These 280 workers would be sufficient to handle 300 bodies per crematorium, 1200 bodies total per day.
The Holocaust apologists increase the capacity of the crematoriums to 15 minute per body cremation time, or 4,800 total. They also believe that almost no additional coke is required for the cremation and that the bodies burn practically by themselves. For this I would increase number of workers for moving the additional bodies by 10 per shift per crematorium, resulting in a total of 360 workers.
I don’t believe that more worker can be actively participate in the cremation process simply for space and access reasons of the ovens and the building.
From above mentioned debate:
Comparing them with Danuta Czech's 'monumental' and 'definitive'
voluminous tome Auschwitz Chronicle 1939-1945 we find:
2000 female Jews who arrived in RSHA transports from Hungary in May-July deportations, and held as so called depot prisoners in the transit camp, are admitted to the camp. 1300 Hungarian Jews (800 female, 500 male) are transferred from Auschwitz to Dachau.
July 27 :
463 of 1700 male Jews from Pustkow labour camp are admitted. 1237 gassed.
450 prisoners from Radom are registered in the camp. 830 prisoners transferred from Majdanek arrive.
Mention is made of the 873 inmates detailed to the crematoria.
530 female Jews transferred from Auschwitz to Buchenwald.
1700 Polish Jews (1300 male, 400 female) transferred from Radom labour camps are registered. 'The remaining people are killed in the gas chambers.
Nearly 2,000 of 3000 Jews transferred from a labour camp in Radom
are registered. 'The remaining people are killed in the gas chambers.' This may be the 3000 referred to above.
Note that the 900 workers are now allocated to the crematoria. 129 Jewish boys, aged between 8-14, are transferred from Dachau and registered.
August 2 :
2898 Gypsies recorded as being present in Birkenau. 1408 Gypsies sent to Buchenwald. This train leaves at 7pm.
After evening roll-call, 2,897 Gypsys are gassed. (2898-1408=2897?!). [Sailor: See Mattogno about the Gypsies in Auschwitz on this forum. These people were not killed.] 'After gassing the corpses of the murdered are incinerated in the pit next to the crematorium, since the crematorium ovens are not operating at the time.' Which Krema?
200 from 560 prisoners transported from Belguim are gassed.
A cursory checking of Czech’s book of the days after August 2, 1944 further shows that there are quite a few day without any of the alleged gassing activities. What were those 873 stokers doing during those days? On other days Czech mentions maybe a few hundred people killed, of course without any proof. A few hundred could easily be handled by Krema II alone. What were the other more than 600 stokers doing during that time? On other days Czech reports of a transport coming in, some Jews were registered in the camp, of the others those who were unable to work were gassed, no proof, not even the numbers of gassed mentioned. How do I understand this now?
Therefore I have to agree at this time with the poster from above discussion:
Frankly, this looks like a case of hidden unemployment. Especially so, when we see on closer inspection that 400+ people are employed at the disinfection complex at Auschwitz I. That's a lot of people for that location, too.
The document also claims that NINE THOUSAND prisoners are employed. How much work was there to do at Birkenau, anyway? Further, the document lists THREE THOUSAND unemployed, and another TWO THOUSAND who are in quarantine, in hospital, or whatever. Why are these categories of prisoners here?
However, practically speaking, the number of stokers tells us only that there were stokers.