Testimony of star witness at the Bergen Belsen trial

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Testimony of star witness at the Bergen Belsen trial

Postby Mannstein » 1 decade 3 years ago (Wed Jan 24, 2007 9:27 am)

An article which appeared in The Scotsman September 22 1945 reported on the Bergen Belsen trial at Luneburg. The testimony of star witness Dr. Ada Bimko, a Jewess, is contained in this article and reproduced below. It can be obtained from The Scotsman website in the Archive section. Notice that she tesifies that the gas chambers made use of shower heads whereas the the 'Causters of today claim induction shafts were used which were accessed from the roof. Remarkable how the story changes over time.

This is a free article from The Scotsman Digital Archive.

The Scotsman - Saturday, 22nd September 1945, page 5
BELSEN GUARDS WHO WERE AT AUSCHWITZ Identified by Polish Woman Doctor EXTERMINATION BY GAS

From ANTHONY MANN, "Daily Telegraph " and " The Scotsman "

Correspondent Luneburg, Friday.— Ada Bimko, a Jewish woman doctor from Poland, described fo the British Military Court here this morning how ' her father, mother, and six-year-old son had been gassed near Auschwitz concentration camp. They had been taken from her side at the gates and driven to a vast extermination plant, where gas was rained on the victims through shower nozzles. Later she related how she had visited the huge gas chamber and seen the place where her family had been killed. Victims had been hoodwinked into believing they were to have a bath by being issued with towels and tablets of soap. The doctor was giving evidence on the fifth day of the trial of Joseph Kramer, commandant of Belsen camp, and 44 Other prisoners charged with atrocities at two camps.
This afternoon the entire Court drove 40 miles from Luneburg to inspect the remains of Kramer ' s camp, burnt down by British troops as a precaution against the spread of infection . All the accused were also taken to Belsen in lorries. The inspection is officially stated to be regarded as a session of the Court. When the prosecution indicated this morning'that it was about to call Dr Ada Bimko, the defence asked that prisoners should be allowed to remove their identification numbers. Permission was granted.

ALL JEWS IN TOWN ARRESTED
Dr Bimko, a short, plump, dark-haired woman, was assisted to enter the witness-box by a young A.T.S. lance-covporal , who remained behind her after she took her seat. She said she wa's a Jewess from Poland and a doctor of medicine. All the Jews in her town had been arrested in one week. She had been sent to Auschwitz, together with 5000 other Jews. On arrival the women and children were loaded on trucks. An S.S. doctor directed the women and children to the right and laft at his will. Only 250 women and 250 men were allowed into the camp. She later found out that all the rest were gassed.
Witness sobbed quietly as she announced that her father, mother, brother, and her sixyear-old son had been .gassed in this way. She was present, working as a doctor in Auschwitz when victims were selected for the gas chambers. The defence objected to a question as to whether the only offence of the victims was that they were Polish Jews. The Court sustained the objection. The first great selection of Jews for the gas chambers was made one and a half months after her arrival, on the Jewish Day of Atonement in. 1944. The selection of both the sick and healthy was made by the camp doctor and by S.S. men and women. All the weak were selected for gassing, as well as those with defects in the arms and. hands. All the sick were paraded nude for selection. The witness gave the names of the camp doctors as Rode, Thilo. Klein, Koenig. and Mengeleef. She was invited to enter the well of the Court and try to identify the prisoners in the dock.

15 OF ACCUSED RECOGNISED
Flood-lighting over the dock was switched on, and the witness, accompanied by the A.T.S. lance-corporal and interpreter, walked up and down in front of the long dock, looking at the prisoners, who continued to sit impassively, Only Irma Greese betrayed, as usual, apparent impatience with .the whole proceedings. " She frowned. The witness then identified 15 of the accused, beginning with Kramer and Dr Klein. Irma Greese she identified as a work leader.
The prisoners in the second and third rows in the dock were then made to stand successively for easier identification. Karl Firazich was identified as a man who had shot a woman in Belsen just before the British arrived. Juana Borman was recognised as " a woman who used to walk about the camp with a big dog." At this point' the loud barking o£ a dog in the street outside the Court drowned part of the evidence.
Resuming the witness stand, the doctor said that the persons selected for the gas chambers at Auschwitz were sent naked to Block 2o, where they often waited without food or water for days for lorries to fetch them to execution. On one day, of 4124 sick Jewish women, 4000 were sent to the gas chambers. Klein took part in selecting these women. Kramer was commandant of one part of the camp at that time. All five chimneys of the crematorium were visible from the camp. Irma Greese was the woman who tooW ihe prisoners* roll-call.

THE GAS CHAMBER
Dr Bimko then described how she had once had an. opportunity of inspecting the gas chambers. The sick, wrapped in blankets, had been sent to the chambers for execution , and Fhe haci been instructed to collect the blankets two days later. " The house was a brick house," she said. " It was surrounded with trees, like camouflage. In the first room I met an S.S. officer named Josei Goldner, who was wearing the Red Cross insignia. He came from my town. The first room was a large room where the prisoners undressed on arrival. Hooks were provided. " A second large room, capable of holding many hundreds of people, lay beyond. It was fitted like a huge shower bath, with parallel rows of shower sprays in the ceiling. But it was ."noticeable that "there \vex*e i\o drains in the floor for water. When the prisoners arrived here they were given towels and soap, as if for a bath. "Along a narrow, dark passage ran rails with a small truck on which corpses were taken to the crematorium." Thick pipes carried the gas to the gas chamber. I saw the huge metal containers which,, I was told, contained gas."

"4,000,000 VICTIMS"
The work in tlie chambers was carried out by Sonderkommandos: special squads of internees who, after some weeks, were themselves gassed.
One of them, a man named Gerzcke, had told ner that some of these men kept records of the deaths, but these records had been, destroyed. "I was told that *he records showed that the number of Jews destroyed in the gas chambers up to that time was about 4,000,000." At Auschwitz experiments were carried out on prisoners in Block 10 One woman on. whom experiments had been made returned to camp and tried to commit suicide. Witness had asked her why, and the- woman had replied: " They experimented on me with artificial insemination. My womanly honour has been physically incapacitated from bearing children." Dr Bimko then described how S.S. guards had rained blows on the prisoners, who were forced to stand for hours at the roll-call in snow and rain. Often a whole block of prisoners had been compelled to wait for hours on their knees with their arms in the air. If anyone was late for the roll-call, the whole camp was forced to stand rnany hours, and the culprit was beaten to the verge of death: One woman had been beaten to death in that manner. " I have seen a number of people with wounds on their hands and legs, but particularly on their heads, as the result of blows."

"BELSEN A SECOND AUSCHWITZ"
Dr Bimko said she arrived at Belsen from Auschwitz on November 23, 1944. The conditions were bad, but the internees were not then beaten, and there were no roll-calls. In the morning there was coffee or soup; at midday, half a pint of soup; and in the evening, bread or soup. This diet did not kill instantly, but ifc would result in death -after a period. After Kramer became the commandant, beatings and roll-calls started. "Belsen was becoming a second Auschwitz." On one occasion Kramer had kicked four Russians who, in a state of weakness, had been unable to work fast enough. The medical situation was " quite desperate." To treat 2200 hospital cases and 15,000 sick women for one week 300 aspirin tablets were issued, although just after the arrival of the British two storerooms filled with drugs and instruments were discovered in the camp that had never been issued. Just before the British troops arrived witness suddenly got all the drugs she needed.
The witness then identified one of the prisoners in the dock as a man who had shot a woman at Belsen a few days before the British arrived because she tried to pick up a tui-nip peeling in the cookhouse. Juana Borman, she stated, used her dog to guard working parties. She often set it on the prisoners. ' We noticed that many of those in working parties were bitten by dogs." Major Munro, cross-examining, for the defence, asked witness: "Were people selected at Auschwitz for purposes other than the gas chamber?"—Yes, sometimes women were selected to be sent into brothels.

ACCUSED RETURN TO BELSEN
In the afternoon, Josef Kramer and his 44 confederates returned in lorries to the blackened ruins of Belsen. There, walking two and two, headed by Kramer and Dr Fritz Klein handcuffed together, the accused shuffled their way for three miles round the desolate place. Before them walked the members of the British Court that is trying them. At their sides marched red-capped military police with tommy-guns and members of the A.T.S, Provost Corps. All around were charred ashes o£ burned huts, ¦ woods, and rags of clothing. At the beginning of the tour one of the prisoners, Ida Forster, complained that she had bad feet and could not walk. She was driven round in an ambulance. The British former interneeMr Harold le Druillenec, who gave evidence at the trial on Thursday, was one of those in the procession of inspection . At the barbed-wire gates near the graves oi the victims there is a large notice in German:— "This is the site of the infamous Belsen concentration camp, liberated by the British, April 15, 1945. " Ten thousand unburied dead were Jound here. Another 13,000 have since died—all victims of the German New Order in Europe, an example of Nazi culture." The Court will sit again to-morrow (Saturday) morning.

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Postby Haldan » 1 decade 3 years ago (Wed Jan 24, 2007 9:35 am)

More on "Dr. Ada Bimko":

- Ada Bimko (now Hadassah Rosensaft of the Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington DC): she testified to being shown by an SS officer the huge cylinders of gas in a room above the gas chamber!

http://forum.codoh.com/viewtopic.php?t=790


'Eyewitness' Ada Bimko* testified in writing (she was not called in person) that she had seen equipment at Auschwitz to apply the gas from steel cylinders and conducted through pipes.
http://www.fpp.co.uk/Auschwitz/docs/Tesch1.html

* Now called Hadassah Rosensaft of the Holocau$t Memorial Museum, Washington, DC

http://forum.codoh.com/viewtopic.php?t=749


The following is an extract from Donald Bloxham's book Genocide on Trial (War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory) (OUP, 2001):

Alongside her estimate of the number of Jews killed at Auschwitz, the witness in question, a Polish-Jewish doctor, Ada Bimko, told of the operations of the gas chambers, and the techniques used to get the bodies to the crematoria, including the operations of the Jewish Sonderkommando. Her testimony actually seized the headline in The Times, and constituted one of the clearest assertions of the nature of Auschwitz throughout the course of the reporting of the trial; indeed it was only in the context of her appearance that the Frankfurter Rundschau got to grips with the Jewish aspect of the trial. The two other witnesses to give competent testimonies about the gas chambers at Auschwitz were also Jewish.

http://forum.codoh.com/viewtopic.php?t=163


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Postby Mannstein » 1 decade 3 years ago (Wed Jan 24, 2007 9:53 am)

Yet this report states that she was in the court room and that a British lance corporal stood behind her while she was on the witness stand. Surprisingly the defence did not mount a vigorous cross examination.

In the case where she did not testify was this the Auschwitz trial at Franfurt in the 1960s?

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Postby Carto's Cutlass Supreme » 1 decade 3 years ago (Wed Jan 24, 2007 12:34 pm)

Mannstein wrote
Notice that she tesifies that the gas chambers made use of shower heads whereas the the 'Causters of today claim induction shafts were used which were accessed from the roof. Remarkable how the story changes over time.

This is not a contradiction, because according to the lie. There were fake showerheads in the room.

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Postby Hannover » 1 decade 3 years ago (Wed Jan 24, 2007 12:55 pm)

CCS:
This is not a contradiction, because according to the lie. There were fake showerheads in the room.


Yes, it is claimed .... sometimes, and that is yet another example of the lies coming back upon the liars; from the 1st paragraph of the 1st post:
They had been taken from her side at the gates and driven to a vast extermination plant, where gas was rained on the victims through shower nozzles.

Of course, the alleged murder weapon, pesticide Zyklon-B, which is in granule form, cannot be sent through showerheads. Laughable.

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Postby Petschau » 1 decade 3 years ago (Thu Jan 25, 2007 3:04 pm)

I have been trying to find in-depth information on the female camp guards that were prosecuted and the conditions they must have endured while incarcerated.

Carlos Porter alludes to the fact that Irma Grese may have suffered multiple instances of sexual assault by her British captors. I can find no other references to this.
He also states that the captors made a point of dressing her in fine clean outfits for court, while the other women wore rags.

Is there any further information on this subject?
I believe the Belsen trial was court to 18 or so female guards.

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Postby Daniel Saez Lorente » 1 decade 3 years ago (Fri Jan 26, 2007 12:16 am)

Petschau wrote:I have been trying to find in-depth information on the female camp guards that were prosecuted and the conditions they must have endured while incarcerated.

Carlos Porter alludes to the fact that Irma Grese may have suffered multiple instances of sexual assault by her British captors. I can find no other references to this.
He also states that the captors made a point of dressing her in fine clean outfits for court, while the other women wore rags.

Is there any further information on this subject?
I believe the Belsen trial was court to 18 or so female guards.


The article was written by Joe Belling.

As for Ada Bimko, she is thoroughly disposed of in the Belsen volume of LAW REPORTS OF TRIALS OF WAR CRIMINALS, printed in 11 volumes by the United Nations, in about 1948 or so, and currently available, reprinted on acid-free paper, from WS HEIN and Company, a publisher of law books. For example, Bimko changed the sex of the victim of one of her atrocity stories when it was pointed out that it would have been impossible for a female to be found in the male compound, or perhaps the other way around; I forget.

It is amazing that these people are still quoted as credible witnesses when the defense in these trials did such a complete job of destroying them. Of course, the defense was only there to make the hangings look good; nobody paid any attention to the so-called evidence presented, except when presented by the prosecution. Bimko was not the most credible of witnesses; far from it.

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Postby Laurentz Dahl » 1 decade 3 years ago (Fri Jan 26, 2007 6:05 am)

I don't think Bimko testified at the Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial, but I may be wrong. Perhaps someone realized how her lies didn't fit the developing orthodoxy and decided to keep her out.

Other Auschwitz witnesses also told ridiculous tales at the Belsen trial:

The testimony of Holocaust survivor Sophia Litwinska falls into the ludicrous category in the light of the laws of physics, because she would have the court and the world believe not that she had simply witnessed the wicked SS administering the Zyklon to a group of ill-fated Jews, but that she herself had actually been gassed, and was for some inexplicable reason dragged out of the gas chamber by an SS man just as the darkness was about to overcome her.

Litwinska’s testimony on the seventh day of the trial, September 24, 1945, can be found in WO235/13; at page 169 of this document we find the following:

She was asked: “When you reached the crematorium what happened there?”

And replied: “We left the trucks and were led into a room which gave me the impression of a shower bath. There were towels hanging round and sprays, and even mirrors.”

She was then asked: “Were the doors closed?”

And replied: “I cannot say; I have never thought when I was there I shall leave and be here present in the court to speak about it.”

“What happened next?”

“There were tears; people were shouting at each other; people were hitting each other. There were healthy people; strong people; weak people; and sick people, and suddenly I saw fumes coming in through a window.”

"What do you mean when you say window?”

“On top, very small sort of window.”

“What effect did this have on you?”

“I had to cough very violently; tears were streaming out from my eyes, and I had a sort of feeling in my throat as if I would be asphyxiated.”

“What happened to other people around you?”

“I could not look even at the others because each of us was only concentrated on what happened to himself.”

“What was the next thing that you remember?”

“In that moment I heard my name called. I had not the strength to answer it, but I raised my arm. Then I felt somebody take me and throw me out from that room.”

Her rescuer was Franz Hoessler, who was in the dock at this trial. One might have thought this death defying act of remarkable courage would have earned him some sort of commendation at the very least. Instead, he was hanged.

According to Litwinska, she had been sent to the gas chamber by mistake and was rescued because she was married to a Gentile, although curiously her husband, a Polish officer, had been arrested because he had married a Jewess, and was already dead.


The other testimony of a survivor who survived an actual gassing was that of 28 year old Regina Bialek. I am quoting here from a slightly more accessible source, the official book on the Belsen Trial. In this book we find her deposition, which reads thus:

“On 25th December, 1943, I was sick with typhus and was picked out at a selection made by Doctors Mengele and Tauber along with about 350 other women. I was made to undress and taken by lorry to a gas chamber. There were seven gas chambers at Auschwitz. This particular one was underground and the lorry was able to run down the slope and straight into the chamber. Here we were tipped unceremoniously on the floor. The room was about 12 yards square and small lights on the wall dimly illuminated it. When the room was full a hissing sound was heard coming from the centre point on the floor and gas came into the room. After what seemed about ten minutes some of the victims began to bite their hands and foam at the mouth and blood issued from their ears, eyes and mouth, and their faces went blue. I suffered from all these symptoms, together with a tight feeling at the throat. I was half conscious when my number was called out by Dr. Mengele and I was led from the chamber. I attributed my escape to the fact that the daughter of a friend of mine who was an Aryan and a doctor at Auschwitz had seen me being transported to the chamber and had told her mother, who immediately appealed to Dr. Mengele. Apparently he realized that as a political prisoner I was of more value alive than dead, and I was released...I think that the time to kill a person in this particular gas chamber would be from 15 to 20 minutes.” (14)

Until his death in a drowning accident in Brazil in 1979, Dr Mengele achieved notoriety as one of the most notorious Nazi war criminals at large; known as the Angel of Death, he inspired a song and at least one smash box office film, The Boys From Brazil. Are we to believe Regina Bialek was saved from the gas chamber by the Angel of Death himself?


http://www.adelaideinstitute.org/2006De ... _Baron.htm

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Re: Testimony of star witness at the Bergen Belsen trial

Postby Jerzy Ulicki-Rek » 9 years 9 months ago (Thu Jun 10, 2010 8:13 am)

This huge white whale in front is ADA (Hadassah) BIMKO .17 April 1945.
"Moby Dick"-holocaust version.

bimko.jpg
bimko.jpg (71.08 KiB) Viewed 3944 times


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