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Sushicotto
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Nazi Science

Postby Sushicotto » 1 decade 6 years ago (Tue Oct 21, 2003 8:37 am)

Below is a little something I came across in the reputable scientific journal Nature. It seems revisionism is greatly desired, as long as the conclusions strengthen the Holocaust hypothesis; otherwise you will be “roundly criticized”.

http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage. ... 0b_fs.html

Nature 425, 650 (16 October 2003)
Letters reveal scale of German agency's Nazi corruption
QUIRIN SCHIERMEIER

[MUNICH] Germany's scientific establishment was more thoroughly captivated by Nazi thinking than has ever been admitted, according to freshly collated documentary evidence.

The DFG, Germany's main research agency, is sponsoring a re-evaluation of its role in the period surrounding the Second World War. Science historians who met in Heidelberg last week to discuss this reported that the agency funded exploitative and unethical research between 1933 and 1945 across several disciplines, including medicine, physiology and psychiatry. Several participants said that any view that German science was not totally corrupted by Nazi ideology should be revised.

The agency has only recently begun to assess its Nazi past. It commissioned a book on the subject from the historian Notker Hammerstein, which was published in 1999 and roundly criticized for its apologetic tone and its tendency to downplay links between the DFG and medical war crimes (see Nature 398, 274; 1999).

The DFG then took a second, more comprehensive approach. It commissioned a working group to prepare for critical analysis tens of thousands of archived letters and reports relating to projects funded between 1920 and 1970. It then set up a five-year programme, comprising 14 peer-reviewed sub-projects, aimed at investigating DFG-funded research throughout the period.

"We have proven that the DFG was willingly involved in the full range of medical crimes during the Nazi era," says Wolfgang Eckart, head of the history of medicine at the University of Heidelberg and the organizer of last week's meeting.

Correspondence between grant applicants and Ferdinand Sauerbruch, then head of the DFG's medical section, supports the view that the DFG leadership was fully informed about inhuman medical-research projects. In one letter, Otmar von Verschuer, director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology in Berlin, enthused about "excellent conditions for researchers in Auschwitz". Others express appreciation for the "wonderful brains" obtained from a euthanasia centre in Brandenburg-Görden, where at least 9,000 people, including many children, were killed.

The meeting was also given evidence that the DFG actively supported notorious human experiments. In the Dachau concentration camp, for example, tropical-disease expert Klaus Schilling infected 1,200 prisoners of war, including many Polish priests, in search of a malaria vaccine. About 400 died.

"During the war, the DFG deliberately subordinated medical ethics to the production of fast results," says Marion Hulverscheidt, a science historian at the University of Heidelberg. "Malaria experiments were supported against scientific advice, and even though valid animal models were available."

After Hitler came to power, the DFG became a de facto Nazi organization. Ordinary research was not eliminated, but it is a "myth" that science remained neutral and pluralistic, says Ulrich Herbert, a historian at the University of Freiburg, who co-chaired the investigation.

Allied intervention put a stop to medical crimes in May 1945, but Nazi ideas in the social sciences and humanities can be tracked until the 1960s, he says. "It becomes ever more evident that the DFG was a basic part of the system," says Guido Lammers, the DFG programme director who is overseeing the assessment. "There is a strong case for us to revise our history."


And here are some related links for those interested, but I don't know if they can be accessed without a subscription.

Dispute erupts over Nazi research claims (by Quirin Schiermeier)
http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage. ... a0_fs.html

Deep roots of Nazi science revealed (by Alison Abbott and Quirin Schiermeier)
http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage. ... b0_fs.html

German science begins to cure its historical amnesia (by Alison Abbott)
http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage. ... a0_fs.html

Cheers

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Sailor
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Postby Sailor » 1 decade 6 years ago (Tue Oct 21, 2003 9:22 pm)

Sushicotto wrote: And here are some related links for those interested, but I don't know if they can be accessed without a subscription.


For access to these sites we need your “username” and “password”. :D
(Don’t bother)

Several participants said that any view that German science was not totally corrupted by Nazi ideology should be revised.

To be honest, I don’t quite understand what is meant by this.

The Nazis and the Nazi area is in Germany thoroughly demonized, and everyone tries to distance himself from this pure evil as far as possible. German fortifications from WWII (Sigfried Line) are dynamited and removed so that no traces are left. And it seems that if it were possible the Germans would erase the time from 1933 to 1945 also.

I am not quite clear how anyone can corrupt science, say mathematics, with a political ideology.

The article seems to be tendentious (marked by a strong controversial tendency)

[…] medical war crimes (see Nature 398, 274; 1999)
[…]"We have proven that the DFG was willingly involved in the full range of medical crimes during the Nazi era," says Wolfgang Eckart, head of the history of medicine at the University of Heidelberg and the organizer of last week's meeting.
[…] the DFG leadership was fully informed about inhuman medical-research projects.
[…] The meeting was also given evidence that the DFG actively supported notorious human experiments. In the Dachau concentration camp, for example, tropical-disease expert Klaus Schilling infected 1,200 prisoners of war, including many Polish priests, in search of a malaria vaccine. About 400 died.

The article seems to specialize on the so called medical experiments in concentration camps.

The following were some of the medical tests performed in German concentration camps:

Spotted fever vaccine experiments in Buchenwald und Struthof (Natzweiler)
Experimental station of the Luftwaffe in Dachau
Experiments to save from great heights
Under cooling experiments in Dachau
Experiments to make potable water from seawater in Dachau
Malaria-Station in Dachau (its purpose was to research the connection between the blood group and malaria and the effects of the various therapeutica)
Experiments to regenerate muscles and transplant bones
Phlegmone tests in Dachau
Yellow fever research in Sachsenhausen
Sulfonamide tests in Ravensbrück (1942/43)
Experiments to correct homosexuality
Nutrition experiments in Dachau

The NMT “Doctor Trial” dealt with this to some extent.

Allied intervention put a stop to medical crimes in May 1945,

Actually it was Himmler who ordered in May 15, 1944 that all medical experiments in the concentration camps be suspended. This was strictly adhered to.

Reports about experiments after that date are not correct.

fge


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