Balsamo wrote:Especially in the case of the Dutch Jews who enjoyed 3 centuries of complete freedom and were therefore completly assimilated...they were DUTCH ! They had nothing in common with their eastern counterparts. Even if they were sent to Vilna, why didn't they come back? Don't tell me they choosed to stay in those great socialist countries ? and Israel were not easily available until 1948.
No, so the only explanation is that the Germans murdered them systematically? There are a whole range of possible and partial answers, none of which I can prove any more than you can.
1. Deliberately murdered by Germans at local level.
2. Deliberately murdered by Russians at local level.
3. Died of disease, exposure, exhaustion, starvation etc. If trapped behind the Russian lines without money what were the chances of them making it back or even surviving?
4. Were caught up in the fighting and killed.
5. Were deported by the Russians to labour or prison camps, or simply to the interior, where they may have lived or died.
6. Survived to the end of the war, but were trapped behind the Iron Curtain.
7. Went to Israel, USA or elsewhere.
8. Returned to Holland. Someone did an analysis of what happened to the persons in Anne Frank's entourage and the number of survivors was quite high. I don't think I could find it again though.
I'm with you on the injustice of the deportations, though I have to add that war is a whole collection of unjust acts, most of which can be explained, but only justified by the terrible rationale of total war.
The Dutch were the exception in Western Europe. The largest group, the French Jews (not the same thing as Jews in France), were not deported en masse. Nor, I believe were the Belgians, but you will have better knowledge than me on that.