The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJC)

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The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJC)

Postby hermod » 5 years 3 weeks ago (Sun Aug 24, 2014 8:50 am)

[For clarity, the quotes in this post were moved from another thread by hermod. M1]

The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress were the 2 main sources of "Holocaust" atrocity propaganda/disinformation during WW2. So let's research, find and expose the connections between both organizations.

From another thread:

hermod wrote:
Henry. wrote:
Werd wrote:The Polish Underground who was connected with the Polish government in exhile in London...
...and more importantly to the World Jewish Congress


Do you have info about the connection between the Polish underground and the WJC?


Werd wrote:World Jewish Congress
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
____________________________________________________________________

The WJC also lobbied Allied governments on behalf of Jewish refugees, and urged US Jewish organizations to work towards waiving immigration quotas for Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi persecution. In 1940, General Charles de Gaulle, the leader of the French government in exile, pledged to the WJC that all measures taken by the Vichy regime against the Jews would be repudiated upon France's liberation.[39]

In late 1941 and early 1942, Western diplomats and journalists received scattered information about Nazi massacres of many thousands of Jews in German-occupied Poland and Russia. However, the news was difficult to confirm. In June 1942, Ignacy Schwarzbart, one of two Jewish representatives on the Polish National Council of the Polish Government-in-exile, held a press conference with WJC officials in London, where it was stated that an estimated one million Jews had already been murdered by the Germans.[40]
___________________________________________________________________

39. Garai, p. 14
40. Rafael Medoff (2012-06-20). "How America first learned of the Holocaust". Retrieved 2012-06-21.


hermod wrote:
Werd wrote:World Jewish Congress
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
____________________________________________________________________

The WJC also lobbied Allied governments on behalf of Jewish refugees, and urged US Jewish organizations to work towards waiving immigration quotas for Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi persecution. In 1940, General Charles de Gaulle, the leader of the French government in exile, pledged to the WJC that all measures taken by the Vichy regime against the Jews would be repudiated upon France's liberation.[39]

In late 1941 and early 1942, Western diplomats and journalists received scattered information about Nazi massacres of many thousands of Jews in German-occupied Poland and Russia. However, the news was difficult to confirm. In June 1942, Ignacy Schwarzbart, one of two Jewish representatives on the Polish National Council of the Polish Government-in-exile, held a press conference with WJC officials in London, where it was stated that an estimated one million Jews had already been murdered by the Germans.[40]
___________________________________________________________________

39. Garai, p. 14
40. Rafael Medoff (2012-06-20). "How America first learned of the Holocaust". Retrieved 2012-06-21.


Thank you, Werd.

Ignacy (Itzhak) Schwarzbart was a prominent Polish Zionist leader. The WJC was also a Zionist organization with the avowed aim of establishing a Jewish state in Palestine. The Zionist connection once again...

I think that the 'report' mentioned above was the "[Jewish Labour] Bund report" from Schwartzbart's socialist fellow Jew Schmuel Zygielbojm. It's said that Schwarzbart and Zygielbojm were political enemies, but that patently didn't prevent Schwartzbart from spreading Zygielbojm's holo-propaganda in the British press.


Werd wrote:In the thead about logical fallacies, I had to dig up some abusrd atrocity stories to irritate Nessie. Roberto Muehlenkamp quoted long extracts from Arad's book where he quotes many Polish war reports. I find the following clip to be particularly relevant to this current topic about the Polish Underground and the Polish Government in Exhile in London.

Some early reports of the Aktion Reinhard camps
http://holocaustcontroversies.yuku.com/ ... _kjRKO6XXR
Excerpt from: Yitzhak Arad, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka. The Operation Reinhard Death Camps, pages 349-359.

Of course I won't quote all of those ten pages, but what I wish to quote STARTS on page 349 apparently.
Information about the Operation Reinhard death camps reached the Polish Underground as soon as the mass murder actions were begun there. The intelligence branch of the Polish Underground had spread its network throughout the entire area of occupied Poland, even to the most remote places. The information collected by the Underground was published from time to time in the Biuletyn Informacyjny ("Information Bulletin") of the Command of the Armia Krajowa and was distributed clandestinely in occupied Poland.
These news items were also relayed to the Polish Government-in-Exile in London by the Armia Krajowa or the Delegatura (the delegate of the Polish Government-in-Exile from London in occupied Poland). The Delegatura was the political and civilian arm of the government in London, and a sort of Underground movement within Poland. The Armia Krajowa acted in conjunction with the Delegatura, but was not subordinate to it. The Delegatura sent monthly reports, which sometimes covered dozens of pages, called Pro memoria sytuacji w kraju ("Notes on the Situation of the Country"). These reports were transferred to London via Underground messengers who succeeded in reaching England by way of Sweden or Western Europe or Spain, although sometimes weeks passed before a report of this kind reached its destination. Certain reports were transmitted to London from Underground radio stations that maintained continuous contact between Poland and the Government-in-Exile in London and with British Intelligence services. Jewish Underground groups in Poland, like the Jewish National Committee and the Bund, also transferred broadcasts to London via the Polish Underground, and, thus, also news of the deportations to the death camps and what was happening there.
"Reports on the Situation in Occupied Poland" were published in London periodically by the Polish Ministry-of-Interior-in-Exile. Some of these publications were retained in the Underground archives in Poland and the archives of the Government-in-Exile in London. In the report of the Delegatura for April 1942, Belzec was mentioned:

The camp was fully completed a few days before March 17, 1942. From that day transports with Jews began to arrive from the direction of Lvov and Warsaw. On the first day five transports arrived, afterward, one transport arrived daily from each direction. The transport enters the railway spur of Belzec camp after disembarkation, lasting half an hour, the train returns empty. The observations of the local population (the camp is within sight and hearing distance of the inhabitants near the railway station) led all of them to one conclusion: that there is a mass murder of the Jews inside the camp. The following facts testify to this:
1. Between March 17 and April 13, about fifty-two transports (each of eighteen to thirty-five freight cars with an average of 1,500 people) arrived in the camp.
2. No Jews left the camp, neither during the day nor the night.
3. No food was supplied to the camp (whereas bread and other food articles had been dispatched to the Jews who had worked earlier on the construction of the camp).
4. Lime was brought to the camp.
5. The transports arrived at a fixed time. Before the arrival of a transport, no Jews were seen in the camp.
6. After each transport, about two freight cars with clothing are removed from the camp to the railway stores. (The guards steal clothes.)
7. Jews in underwear were seen in the area of the camp.
8. In the area of the camp there are three barracks; they cannot accommodate even one-tenth of the Jews.
9. In the area of the camp, a strong odor can be smelled on warmer days.
10. The guards pay for vodka, which they drink in large quantities, with any requested sum, and frequently with watches and valuables.
11. Jews arrived in Belzec (the township) looking for a witness who would testify that Jews are being killed there. They were ready to pay 120,000 zloty. They did not find a volunteer. It is unknown by which means the Jews are liquidated in the camp. There are three assumptions: (1) electricity; (2) gas; (3) by pumping out the air.
With regard to (1): there is no visible source of electricity; with regard to (2): no supply of gas and no residue of the remaining gas after the ventilation of the gas chamber were observed; with regard to (3): there are no factors to deny this [possibility]. It was even verified that during the building of one of the barracks, the walls and floors were covered with metal sheets (for some purpose).
In the area of the camp huge pits were dug in the autumn. At that time it was assumed that there would be underground stores. Now the purpose of this work is clear. From the particular barrack where the Jews are taken to so-called disinfection, a narrow railway leads to these pits. It was observed that the "disinfected" Jews were transported to a common grave by this trolley.
In Belzec the term Totenlager ("death camp") was heard in connection with the Jewish camp. The leadership of the camp is in the hands of twelve SS men (the commander is Hauptmann Wirth) who have forty guards for help.

Another report from the Delegatura to the Government-in-Exile in London about Belzec was dated July 10, 1942:

According to information from a German employed in the extermination site, this place is located in Belzec, close to the railway station, and is fenced off by barbed wire. Inside and outside the fences Ukrainian sentries are posted. The extermination is carried out in the following manner: the train with the Jews, after its arrival at Belzec station, follows the spur until the fences that surround the place of extermination. There the railway workers are changed. From this place until the disembarkation point at the end of the spur, the train is driven by a German locomotive driver. After unloading, the men are taken to the barrack on the right, the women to the barrack on the left, where they have to remove their clothes, as if they were going to baths. After removing their clothes, both groups proceed to the third barrack, with an electrical floor, where the extermination is carried out. Afterward, the corpses are transferred by trolley to a trench behind the fence, which is 3 meters deep. This trench was dug by Jews, and all of them were subsequently liquidated. The Ukrainian guards on the spot have to be liquidated after the action is completed. The Ukrainian guards are lavishly provided with money and stolen valuables. For a liter of vodka, they pay 400 zloty; for a prostitute, 2,000 zloty plus jewelry.

This report was published in London by the Polish Ministry of Interior at the beginning of 1943. Another report published by the ministry in the same year stated:

Near Belzec there are large gas chambers where Jews in groups of hundreds are gassed [simultaneously]. Their bodies are then cremated, and what remains is used as a fertilizer. In this way the Germans fulfill to the letter the Fuhrer’s words that the Jews are the "garbage of humanity."

The reports about Belzec that reached London were handed over by the Polish Government-in-Exile to Dr. Ignacy Schwarzbart, a Jew and a member of the Polish National Council. On November 15, 1942, Schwartzbard published in London an open statement with all the known details about the extermination actions going on in Belzec.


Right on, Hermod. It seems we now have a connection from the Polish propagandists to London and even the World Jewish Congress. Thank you to Arad for unwittingly telling us how the propaganda started and how it travelled. Although I must say Mattogno did a great job as well in an early chapter in TECOAR. Chapter three to be exact.


Henry. wrote:
hermod wrote:Do you have info about the connection between the Polish underground and the WJC?


Of course. I spent years researching the WJC for a book I'm still writing

[...]

Incidently, the thread here Wisliceny: Mufti got tour of gas chambers by Eichmann should be subsumed into a parent topic dealing with the WJC.


I'll be very glad to read what you have about this topic, Henry...
"But, however the world pretends to divide itself, there are ony two divisions in the world to-day - human beings and Germans. – Rudyard Kipling, The Morning Post (London), June 22, 1915

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Re: The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJ

Postby Nessie. » 5 years 3 weeks ago (Sun Aug 24, 2014 2:16 pm)

I do not think it is surprising that the Polish Underground's intelligence reports on AR camps were important to the WJC. It is not odd or even illegal for the WJC to lobby governments for action, indeed such is enshrined in the US constitution, First Amendment. The right to make representation to the government.

So the WJC gets intelligence of particular interest to them from the Poles and uses such to lobby the Allies for more assistance for Jews.

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Re: The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJ

Postby Henry. » 5 years 3 weeks ago (Sun Aug 24, 2014 3:22 pm)

hermod wrote:The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress were the 2 main sources of "Holocaust" atrocity propaganda/disinformation during WW2. So let's research, find and expose the connections between both organizations.

Part One

Though I understand how it might seem otherwise, the reality is, that compared to the WJC, the Polish Underground played only a minor role in the manufacture of the Holocaust In fact its representative body, the Polish Government in Exile, was used -- sometimes unwittingly, sometimes reluctantly -- to legitimise and give independent authority to whatever the WJC cooked up on the road to Nuremberg. The non-Jewish members tried to keep some balance as to what was published and broadcast but by the end of 1942, the WJC had prevailed by shaming the Allies into accepting (at least publically) their crackpot propaganda. In view of big government capitulation Its hardly surprising to find the insignificant Polish government falling in line behind them.

The two Jews who initially held positions in the Polish National Council of the Polish Government-in-Exile, Ignacy Schwarzbart and Szmul Zygielbojm, were kept out of the Polish cabinet while Sikorsky was in control, however in May 1943, Zygielbojm died (alleged suicide) leaving Schwarzbart to be joined on the Council by Bund representative Dr. Emanuel Szerer. Then, following the death of General Sikorski in July 1943, a seat in the Polish cabinet could finally made available to a Jew with Schwarzbart being the obvious candidate as the most experienced of the two Jews now on the Council.

General Sikorski died on July 4 and the news about the possibly of a Jew in the cabinet was released five days later on July 9.

Polish Government May Include Jew in Cabinet; Several Candidates Mentioned

London (Jul. 9)

The possibility of a Jewish representative being included in the Polish Cabinet as a full-fledged member was discussed in Polish Government circles here today in connection with the reorganization of the Cabinet resulting from the sudden death of Gen. Sikorski.

It is understood that the step will be taken in order to assure proper Jewish representation in the Polish Government. Among the candidates mentioned are Dr. Henryk Rosmarin, former member of the Polish Parliament who is now Polish Consul in Tel Aviv, Dr. Ignacy Schwartzbart, the Jewish member of the Polish National Council, Dr. Emanuel Szerer, the Jewish labor leader who was recently named a member of the Polish National Council, Judge Maximilian Friede, who is now in New York, and Rabbi Rubenstein, former member of the Polish Senate.

The Polish Ministry of Commerce and Industry today announced that Dr. Schwartzbart has been appointed by the government as a member of the commission for post-war economic planning.

Read more: http://www.jta.org/1943/07/11/archive/p ... z3BKQrzc3y

Whether Schwarzbart got the seat or not I don't recall and don't have that information to hand at the moment but as the war progressed, the news archives give stark examples of the Polish government being increasingly bullied by Schwarzbart on Jewish affairs.

Ignacy Schwarzbart and the World Jewish Congress.

I'll skip Schwarzbart's early biography and focus on his history as an agent and officer of the WJC. I'm also omitting his many roles in the minor Zionist organisations except to mention that three months after joining the WJC, Schwarzbart was acting as vice-president of the World Zionist Organization’s general council. The president of this group was Chaim Weizmann.
Polish Zionist Body to Meet Nov. 12

WARSAW (Nov. 2)

Dr. Schwartzbart, vice-president of the World Zionist Organization’s general council, has called a meeting of the Polish members of the council for Nov. 12 in connection with the forthcoming Royal Commission inquiry in Palestine

Read more: http://www.jta.org/1936/11/03/archive/p ... z3BKoVBlEi

Aug, 1936 - In at the Beginning

After a number of years in development the WJC was finally cemented in1936. In Schwarzbart's country, Poland, the WJC faced strong opposition from the Bund which was to cause organisational problems. The friction this caused was carried over into Schwarzbart's relations with Zygielbojm and other Bundists. However at the Constituent Session of the World Jewish Congress (August 8-15, 1936) Ignacy Schwarzbart was elected as a member of the Administrate Committee [see: Unity In Dispersion: A History of the World Jewish Congress, p. 72].

The WJC then established an "Organisation Committee for a Jewish Congress in Poland" with Schwarzbart again elected as member [see: Unity In Dispersion: A History of the World Jewish Congress, p. 80].

Sep 1939 - Poland Invaded

During invasion, Schwarzbart made his way to Rumania from where he contacted the Geneva office of the WJC. The Confidential Day Book of the WJC's Geneva office records the following infomation:

Page.10 - That on Sep 17, the WJC mission had met up with Schwarzbart at Vijnit where a great many refugees had gathered.

Page. 26 - There appears a letter from Schwarzbart sent from Bucharest to the Geneva office dated Oct 24. He informs the office he is working in the Palestine Office [for Emigration] and makes five proposals for processing certificates and suitable destinations for refugees. He asks Geneva to acknowledge his report and tell them he will remain in Bucharest for "two or three" more week and signs off "I remain at your disposal."

Page. 38 - There appears a copy of a letter sent from the Geneva office to the American Jewish Congress in New York dated Oct 14 informing New York (Stephen Wise) that Geneva had been told by telephone that Schwarzbart "is to receive a visa for Paris."

This information was important to the WJC as it was in Paris that Schwarzbart was able to join the Polish Government-in-exile.

Page. 44 - There appears another letter sent from the Geneva office to the American Jewish Congress in New York dated Oct 24, informing New York that Schwarzbart now had his visa for Paris and had sent another report from Bucharest.

Page. 84 - There appears a letter from the Geneva office dated Nov 10, addressing Stephen Wise directly and which contains the following information... "An interesting precedent, the case of Dr. Schwarzbart who was separated from his wife during his flight and whose wife is still in Tarnopal, filed an application from Bucharest to Moscow in order to arrange his wife's departure for Palestine. This permit was granted and he is daily awaiting the arrival of his wife in Roumania."

Page.105 - There appears a letter from Geneva to Stephen Wise in New York marked "Strictly Confidential" dated Dec 9. 1939. Here Wise is informed that his deputy, Nahum Goldmann, had in Paris given "President" Sikorski an official letter from the WJC "recognizing his government as the sole sovereign power in Poland..." Wise is then told the following in the closing of the letter....

"Regarding the question of a Polish Jewish representative with the Polish government in Paris suggested by some Polish circles, and recommended by the Jewish side, a report of this will have to wait until the thing takes on a concrete form. In this connection, Goldmann is now in contact with I. Gruenbaum, now in Budapest and shortly to be in Roumania, as well as with Dr. Schwarzbart in Bucharest. On December 18 he will have another opportunity in Paris to discuss this matter with the Polish Foreign Minister Zaleski.

Please keep this strictly confidential and do not post the foregoing matters in any form"

============================================================================


hermod - I'll conclude my brief summary of Schwarzbart's role within the WJC tomorrow .

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Re: The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJ

Postby hermod » 5 years 3 weeks ago (Sun Aug 24, 2014 6:44 pm)

Thanks for all that information, Henry. I'll probably have to read it again once or twice in order to have a clearer picture of the situation in my mind.
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Re: The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJ

Postby Henry. » 5 years 2 weeks ago (Tue Aug 26, 2014 2:04 pm)

Part Two

We left part one in December 1939 when the details of Nahum Goldmann's activities re the appointment of a Jewish representative with the Polish Government-in-Exile were sent to WJC leader Stephen Wise in New York. Thanks to Goldmann's efforts, Ignacy Schwarzbart was able to journy to Paris and join the Polish government. In June 1940 it relocated from its base in Angers (France) to London.
SCHWARZBART, ISAAC IGNACY (1888–1961), Zionist leader in Poland. Born in Chryzanow, Galicia, Schwarzbart [...] became a member of the Polish government-in-exile in Paris and London (1940–45). From 1946 Schwarzbart lived in the U.S., where he directed the administrative department of the World Jewish Congress...

http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do? ... cType=GALE
Once in London, Schwarzbart joined with the British section of the WJC which had been transformed into a "special office..." authorized to act as the European HQ of the Congress...
[WJC] HEADQUARTERS MOVED TO NEW YORK; LISTENING POSTS SET U P IN EUROPE

To watch the European scene was the purpose of the establishment of a special office of the World Jewish Congress in London which, under the leadership first of Dr. Maurice L. Perlzweig and later of a closely-knit team composed of Lady Eva Reading, Sydney S. Silverman, M.P., Dr. N. Barou, Alex L. Easterman, and Mrs. Rebecca Sieff, soon assumed great importance. As the British capital at that time was the center of resistance to German domination and the seat of the Allied Governments-in-Exile, special responsibilities devolved upon the British Section. With the exception of the Swiss Union of Jewish Communities, it remained the only organized European constituent of the Congress capable of serving as the representative of the Executive, and it was accordingly authorized to act as the European headquarters of the Congress.

The section thereupon enlarged its governing bodies by the addition of prominent Jewish personalities who had taken a leading part in the affairs of their communities and who had taken up residence in London, such as Dr. Ignacy Schwarzbart, Jewish representative on the Polish National Council, Ernest Frischer, Jewish member of the Czechoslovak State Council, Dr. F. R. Bienenfeld, of Austria, Albert Cohen of France, and Dr. L. Zelmanovits, of Czechoslovakia.

Source: Unity In Dispersion: A History of the World Jewish Congress, p. 123.
Due to his association with the Polish government, Schwarzbart was eventualy able to launder WJC propaganda and turn it out fresh with the authority of a non-Jewish government. In June 1941, the Jewish Telegraph Agency (JTA) reported his newly created function thus:
Schwartzbart Sets Up Unit to Gather Data on Polish Jews

LONDON (Jun. 29)

A department to compile material on the Polish Jewish problem has been established in the office of Ignacy Schwartzbart, Jewish member of the Polish National Council. Material collected by the department will be sent to the Institute of Jewish Affairs of the American Jewish Congress in New York to assist its work.
Meanwhile, Schwartzbart received from the secretary of Polish President Raczkiewicz a letter expressing appreciation for a pamphlet issued to Polish troops in Palestine which appeals for cooperation between Jews and Poles.

A declaration endorsing democratic principles, particularly with regard to the Jews, in accordance with the Polish Government’s declaration last November and the recent resolution of the Cabinet, was made at the Polish National Council by Michal Kwiatkowski in the name of the Polish Work Party, which was created by the fusion of Paderewski’s National Workers’ Party and the Christian Democratic Party.

Kwiatkowski pledged his party’s support towards realization of these principles, both in London and in the future Poland. He spoke during a debate on a motion introduced by Schwartzbart to amend certain pre-war laws, in connection with a report of the Legal and Constitutional Committee.

Read more: http://www.jta.org/1941/06/30/archive/s ... z3BWESCvVj
In time the Institute of Jewish Affairs (see quote above) being a section of the World Jewish Congress, would provide virtually all the evidence for the "Holocaust" at Nuremberg, including most of what the Soviets submitted.

Here are the opening pages of the report on the 1943 conference of the British Section of the World Jewish Congress.

Image

Image


You can see highlighted that Schwarzbart was present as an executive officer. The other name highlighted is Schwarzbart's secretary, Manfred Lachs who became very influential in post-war Poland and International law.

LACHS, MANFRED (1914–1993) Polish jurist and authority on international law. Lachs went to England during World War II and acted as secretary to Isaac Schwarzbart , who was the Jewish member of the Polish National Council in exile. He returned to Poland and from 1947 was director of the legal department of the foreign ministry. From 1949 until 1952, he was professor of political science in Warsaw. Lachs was a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences and head of the Institute of Jurisprudence. On several occasions, he was a member of the Polish delegation to the United Nations and in 1957 and 1964 lectured at the Hague Academy of International Law. In 1967 he served as a judge at the International Court, and in 1973, Lachs was elected its president, to hold office for a period of three years.

Among his publications are War Crimes. An Attempt to Define the Issue (1945), La frontière polono-allemande (1964), and Human Rights; Can They be Guaranteed? (1946). Two courses of Lach's lectures at the Hague Academy of International Law Les Développements et Fonctions des Traités Multilatéraux (1957) and The Law of Outer Space (1964; another book by him with the same title appeared in 1972) were published in the Recueil des Cours of the Academy.

http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do? ... cType=GALE
Manfred Lachs handled the press releases and organized public broadcasts such as this example from July, 1942, which, followed the return of Schwarzbart and Zygielbojm from Sweden, where it's claimed they were given the "Bund Report"
Catholic Primate of England Scores Nazi Massacres of Jews in Poland

LONDON. Jul 8

Arthur Cardinal Hinsley, Catholic Primate of England, today condemned, the Nazi massacres of Jews in Poland in a broadcast to the people of Europe over the British Broadcasting Company’s network, and appealed to his “fellow-Christians” on the continent to resist the “black deeds of shame” which the Germans are committing.
“In Poland alone, the Nazis have massacred 700,000 Jews without the semblance of a trial,” Cardinal. Hinsley stated. “Innocent blood cries out to Heaven for vengeance.” He said that he had seen documents which “prove beyond question the utter bestiality of the German method in conquered but unvanquished Poland. Everything religious, be it Jewish, Catholic or Orthodox, is the target of the pagan hatred of the Nazi agents.”

Dr. Ignacy Schwartzbart one of the two Jewish deputies in the Polish National Council, in a BBC broadcast to the Jews of Poland tonight declared that “revenge will grow from the graves of those who have been forced to dig their own graves. The whole world sees the funeral processions proceeding through the ghettos. The day of victory and the day of reckoning approaches.”

Read more: http://www.jta.org/1942/07/09/archive/c ... z3BWMZ4KJO

============================================================================

Next: Part Three

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Re: The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJ

Postby hermod » 5 years 2 weeks ago (Sat Aug 30, 2014 2:45 pm)

Another example of "Polish" information during WW2:

Further Reports of Liquidation of Polish Ghettos Reach London; Poles Praised

December 10, 1943

London (Dec. 9)

A detailed report of the liquidation of the smaller Jewish ghettos in Poland by the Nazis during last May and June was received here today by Dr. Ignacy Schwarzbart, a deputy in the Polish National Council. The report says that the ghettos in Piaski, Komskowole, Siedlice, Lukow and Radzyn were wiped out.

In the town of Wlodawa 4,000 Jews – 1,000 of whom had been sent there from Lwow since May – were divided into two contingents of 3,000 and 1,000. The 3,000 were sent to the Sobibor concentration camp, and most of the 1,000 were executed on the spot. Some of the latter, however, succeeded in fleeing to safety in the neighboring woods. Several hundred Jews were killed at Siedlice. In Wengrow 400 of the 700 Jews in the city were executed in the ghetto and the other 300 were gassed in the Treblinka “death camp,” the report discloses.

Several hundred Dutch Jews recently arrived at the Trawniki camp, it is also revealed in the underground report. Children, women and aged men were sent to the Sobibor camp, while able-bodied men were placed in workshops manufacturing clothes for the German army. The report pays tribute to several Polish individuals and families who have been executed by the Germans for the “crime” of either sheltering Jews or feeding them.


http://www.jta.org/1943/12/10/archive/f ... z3BuEsxNmN
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Re: The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJ

Postby hermod » 4 years 7 months ago (Fri Feb 13, 2015 11:10 pm)

Polish Zionist leader Ignacy Schwarzbart and the WJC...

Schwarzbart, Ignacy (1888–1961), Polish Zionist leader. Born in Chrzanów, Ignacy (Yitsḥak) Schwarzbart took a law degree at Kraków’s Jagiellonian University, where he was a member of the Zionist student association Przedświt (The Dawn). Following service in the Austrian and Polish armies during and after World War I, he settled in Kraków and opened a law practice.


As a lawyer, Schwarzbart played an active role in local Zionist affairs, in the 1920s publishing articles in the Yiddish and Polish Jewish press and from 1921 to 1925 serving as an editor of the Kraków Jewish daily Nowy Dziennik. His journalistic activity propelled him into the chairmanship of the Zionist Federation of West Galicia and Silesia, which chose him to be a delegate to successive Zionist Congresses in the 1920s and 1930s. He became a member of the Zionist General Council after 1933. In 1931 he organized the establishment of the World Union of General Zionists, serving as chairman until its 1935 split, then as head of the faction known as Group B.

Schwarzbart was also prominent in other political arenas between the wars. He was active in the movement that eventually established the World Jewish Congress, was a Zionist representative on the Kraków Jewish community board, and was a member of the Jewish faction in the Kraków city council. In 1938 he was elected to the Polish Sejm (the lower house of parliament).

These activities notwithstanding, Schwarzbart joined the first rank of Polish Jewish leaders only with the outbreak of World War II. Fleeing the September 1939 German invasion together with other members of the Polish government and Sejm, Schwarzbart participated in the establishment of a Polish exile government in France, and later, England. In December 1939 he was named to the Polish National Council. In this capacity he served as a vigorous advocate for Jewish rights in the future liberated Poland and lobbied for assistance for Polish Jews under German occupation. From 1942 he was a key figure in the transmission of news about the Holocaust to the West and in promoting rescue activities. He argued that Polish leaders should devote resources to Jewish needs both because Polish Jews constituted an integral part of the Polish body politic and because Jews around the world could be important allies in pursuit of Poland’s political goals. His strategy proved only marginally successful, as Schwarzbart was frequently exasperated by Polish reluctance to include Jews.

Following the war, Schwarzbart headed the organizational department of the World Jewish Congress in New York.

http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article ... art_Ignacy
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Re: The Polish Underground and the World Jewish Congress (WJ

Postby hermod » 4 years 4 months ago (Mon Apr 20, 2015 7:43 pm)

I hadn't realized so far that US Jewry and Polish Jewry alone provided the World Jewish Congress with almost half of its delegates at its first gathering. A meeting full of Wise's and Schwartzbart's Zionist henchmen...

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http://www.multiculturalcanada.ca/node/337277
"But, however the world pretends to divide itself, there are ony two divisions in the world to-day - human beings and Germans. – Rudyard Kipling, The Morning Post (London), June 22, 1915


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