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here is what I found after a quick google search about these:
During World War II, NKVD units were used for rear area security, including halting deserters. On "liberated" territory the NKVD and NKGB carried out mass arrest and deportations, at times forcibly resettling entire populations (650,000+ Crimean Tatars, Chechens, Ingush, and others) or significant parts (Lithuanians, Poles) to Central Asia and Siberia.
Smersh (short for Smert' Shpionam (Смерть Шпионам), or "Death to Spies") was formed during the Great Patriotic War, to secure the rear of the active Red Army, on the front to arrest "traitors, deserters, spies, and criminal elements".
I hope this helps you, and I do know that the Americans and the British had similiar units although I do not recall their names off-hand. The Americans were particularly eager to "secure the rear" after the incident involving English-speaking Germans that had snuck behind the lines and were posing as American soldiers, giving false information to the advancing army, etc.
The war in the West, however, was far different from the War in the East, so far fewer people needed to be dedicated to anti-partisan efforts in the West. I don't even think the Germans employed any Einsatzgruppen in the West.
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