Mattogno: The Four Million Number of Auschwitz

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Mattogno: The Four Million Number of Auschwitz

Postby Sailor » 1 decade 7 years ago (Tue Apr 29, 2003 8:19 pm)

The Four Million Number of Auschwitz:
Origin, Revisions and Consequences

By Carlo Mattogno

Although scientifically untenable, it passed for a long time in the public as an irrevocable truth, that four million prisoners perished in the concentration camp Auschwitz. In the edition 3/1999 the Vierteljahreshefte für freie Geschichtsforschung published two articles about the development and the political abuse of the number of victims of the KL Auschwitz. According to the sensational article by the leading Spiegel-editor Fritjof Meyer the Vierteljahreshefte für freie Geschichtsforschung in the edition 4/2002 published a series of articles which dealt with the latest up-to-date state and development of number of victims of Auschwitz.3 However the question was so far not touched, how the number of 4,000,000 victims, grossly exaggerated but spread dogmatically as true for decades, actually came into existence and what the consequences would result from its revision. Carlo Mattogno investigated below the two main causes of the false four-million number: Soviet propaganda and the tireless propaganda acrivity of the Polish communist historian Franciszek Piper.

I. Thrust to the Roots of Soviet Propaganda
1. The Origin of the Propaganda Number of Four Million

The propaganda story of the alleged four million Auschwitz victims appeared first in the Pravda of May 7, 1945 as is generally known and received in the Nuremberg trial during the court session on February 19, 1946 thanks to the Senior justice counselor Smirnow its official blessing. But far less known is the origin of this story.
Within the framework of the investigations between February 14 and March 8, 1945 by a Soviet investigation commission in Auschwitz, four engineers, the Polish citizen Dawidowski and the Soviet citizens Dolinski, Lavruschin and Schuer, prepared an expert report about the “gas chambers” and crematoriums of Auschwitz-Birkenau. In it is a short »Appendix 1« with the title »Calculations for determinating the Number of Persons liquidated by the Germans in the Camp Auschwitz« On these three pages do we find the genesis of the four million number. The “expert report” starts with the following premises:

»Based on the investigated material it can be determined, that the Germans, when they removed carefully the traces of their crimes and misdeeds, destroyed all documents which would have made it possible to determine more or less accurately the number of the murdered by Hitler’s butchers in the camp.
Thus the Germans removed for example the documentations about the arrival of railroad transports with people; they destroyed the documentations about the quantities of women’s hair, eye glasses and dresses as well as other evidence, which would have made it possible to determine with the help of statistical calculations the number of persons perished in this camp.
Nevertheless do we think that it is possible to perform a calculation which would permit to determine the order of magnitude of the extermination of camp inmates by the Germans.«


Because they don’t have any documents, the Polish-Soviet “experts” used a completely unreliable method of calculation – the counting of the cremated corpses in the crematoriums of Auschwitz -, and made additionally grotesque exaggerations.
First they divided the operation time of these installations into three periods:

First period: Beginning of March 1941 to March 1943;
duration 14 months.
Second period:March 1943 to May 1944;
duration 13 months.
Third period: May to October 1944;
duration 6 months.

I quote:

»During the first period were in operation the crematorium and the gas chambers 1 and 2 as well as the pyres located next to them. During the second period the crematoriums II, III, IV and V. During the third period the crematoriums II, III, IV and V as well as the gas chamber 2 and the pyres next to it.«

All calculations about the cremations in the ovens are based on the premises that 9,000 corpses per month were cremated in Auschwitz I, while the crematoriums of Birkenau had the following monthly cremation capacity:

Crematorium II: 90,000
Crematorium III: 90,000
Crematorium IV: 45,000
Crematorium V: 45,000
Total: 270,000 corpses per month

This cremation capacity corresponds to 9,000 corpses daily (3,000 each for crematorium II and III, 1,500 each daily for crematorium IV and V) and is in reality eight times higher than the theoretical maximum capacity of these installations!
Inexplicably did the “experts” determine for the crematorium I a capacity, which is only exaggerated by a factor of two. From this it follows, that the alleged hourly cremation capacity of a two muffle oven (two corpses per hour) would have been four times less than a three muffle oven as well as a eight muffle oven (eight corpses per hour)). This is absurd, because the two muffle ovens were in no way inferior to the ovens of Birkenau, but were on the contrary superior.
The “experts” calculated the number of the cremated bodies during the third period based on the following factors:

270,000 = monthly number of cremations in the crematoriums of Birkenau;
6 = Number of months the crematoriums were in operation;
0.9 = Utilization factor of the crematoriums;
Therefore: (270,000x6)x0.9 = 1,450,000 dead.

For the second period of thirteen months the “experts” assume an utilization factor of 0.5, so that their calculation looks as follows:
(270,000x13)x0.5 = 1,755,000 corpses; this number is rounded up to 1,750,000.

Also for the first period of fourteen month, during which only the crematorium I was in operation, the “experts” decided for an utilization factor of 0.5 and came thus to:
(9,000x14)x0.5 = 63,000 dead.

Accordingly the total number of corpses cremated in the crematoriums as per commission during these three periods amounted to 3,263,000.


For the „gas chamber 2“, the so called „Bunker 2“, which was supposed to be in operation for six months during the third period, the experts determined a daily killing capacity of 3000 people, or 90,000 per month. They assumed an utilization factor of 0.5, which according to them will result in a the total number of the murdered in that location to

(90,000x6)x0.5 = 270,000.

The „gas chamber 1“, i.e. the so called „Bunker 1“, was according to the „experts“ in operation during the first period for fourtenn months and had a killing capacity of 5,000 per day or 150,000 per month. Using an utilization factor of 0.25 the „experts“ therefore calcultaed (150,000×14)×0.25 = 525,000 dead.
Under these presuppositions the number of gassed in both „bunkers“ and then on pyres cremated would have resulted in 795,000. Adding this number to the murdered and cremated in the crematoriums will result in a number of 4,058,000, which was rounded off by the „experts“ to 4,000,000.

2. The Arrangements between „Experts“ and „Witnesses“
It is not necessary to loose too many words about the evidently outrageous character of this statistical method, which is based on a gigantic exaggeration of the cremation capacity as well as the totally arbitrarily fixed utilization coefficients.
It has to be absolutely emphasized, that the testimonies of the „eye witness“ from the beginning to the end fit seamlessly into the propagandistic frame. This „expert report“ as well as the „eye witness reports“support each other, where the witnesses without any doubt were instructed by the „experts“, before they made their testimonies. It is a fact in any case, that the witnesses as well as the „experts“ made basically incorrect statements. I am thinking in the first place about the capacity of the crematoriums as postulated by both.
Henryk Tauber, plainly the key witness, was questioned by the Soviets on February 27 and 28, 1945. He maintained that the two-muffle ovens of crematorium I operated at a muffle temperature between 1,200 to 1,500 degrees Celsius, which is absolutely absurd. He further testified that in the five three muffle ovens of the crematoriums II and III within 20 to 25 minutes four to five corpses were cremated in one muffle – technically an impossibility. Finally he testified that in the crematoriums II and III 3,000 corpses were cremated per day, which corresponds exactly to the number as stated by the Polish-Soviet „experts“.
A coincidence? Certainly not, because the statements with regards to the functioning of the cremation ovens as made by Tauber and the „experts“ are practically identical. The „experts“ started from the hypothesis that three to five corpses were placed at the same time into the three muffle ovens, which took 20 to 30 minutes, and in a eight-muffle oven did the cremation of a corresponding number of corpses last 30 to 40 minutes.
Every engineer even with only a cursory knowledge of thermo-dynamics would have started laughing because of such nonsense, however the Polish-Soviet engineers maintained with all their know-how that their statements are of scientific value! Also every engineer with basic thermo-dynamic knowledge would have witnesses, who came up with such silliness, dismissed as incompetent, but the Polish-Soviet engineers were first of all willing tools of the Soviet propaganda, and at that time crude propaganda was in great fashion.
The Soviet-Polish commission, which inspected Majdanek in August 1944, „calculated“ for that camp a number of 1,380,000 victims;11 and now it was necessary that Auschwitz should place the world in horror and for this it needed a number of victims which would exceed the one of Majdanek – four million to be exact!
Other Soviet „experts“, the engineers Krause, Teljaner and Grigorev, did prepare half a year earlier – in August 1944 – an „expert report“ about the cremation ovens of the KL Majdanek, which were erected by the company H. Kori, in which among others a
»schematic diagram for the determination of the cremation time of the corpses in different cremation ovens at different temperatures« was included. According to its authors this diagram was based on operating temperatures measured for civilian ovens of the models Klingenstierna, Siemens and Schneider. According to it the cremation duration at an operating temperature of 800 degrees Celsius was two hours, which is not below, but actually lies on the contrary above the actual duration. According to the diagram the cremation of a corpse at an operating temperature of 1000 degrees Celsius – the temperature at those gigantic „hot air cremation ovens“ – lasts 60 minutes, at 1200 degrees Celsius 50 minutes, at 1300 degrees Celsius 45 minutes, at 1400 degrees Celsius 30 minutes and at 1500 degrees Celsius 15 minutes. Actually the temperature inside the muffle of ovens for civilians could only reach 1100 degrees Celsius maximum, and this for only a few minutes. Engineer Richard Kessler, one of the most well known German specialists in the area of cremation, said referring to this:

»Operating temperatures of 1200 to 1500ºC as they frequently are mentioned in reports about the operation of crematoriums [...] are probably only estimated erroneously but not measured temperatures. At hese temperatures the bones as well as the „Schamottmaterial“ (fire resistant material) soften and weld together. The most practical operating temperatures lie between 850 and 900ºC, according to tests in Dessau.«

It is therefore clear, that the Soviet „specialists“ who dealt with Auschwitz based the absurd alleged cremation time of 20 to 40 minutes in the Topf ovens on this diagram, according to which such cremation times at tempertures between 1200 and 1500 degree Celsius could be reached.
From this it easily follows, that Henryk Tauber’s depositions, according to which the ovens had an operating temperature from 1200 to 1500 degree Celsius, were nothing else than the attempt of an explanation of the postulated impossibly short cremation time. The only logical conclusion is, that these temperature – as well as the alleged cremation time – were directly or indirectly given to him by the „experts“ themselves!
Later, on May 24, 1945, Tauber who understood very little of these questions, when questioned by the Polish judge Jahn Sehn, testified that the operating temperature of the ovens was between 1000 to 1200 degrees Celsius, however maintained his idiotic assertions about the cremation capacity and openly mentioned the Soviet number of four million victims! This ignorant simpleton did not even understand, that he contradicted himself with this, because according to the mentioned diagram lasts the cremation of a corpse at these temperatures in the average 75 minutes!

3. The Reason and Meaning of Franciszek Piper’s Recvision
The propaganda number of four million Auschwitz victims as circulated by the Soviets, was chiselled into the memorial stones as is generally known, which were erected – as an eternal warning to the posterity – not far from the crematoriums II and III of Birkenau. Until 1990 the stones announced the four million people, which were murdered by the Nazis. In that year – the Soviet system had just collapsed – the Auschwitz museum undertook a revision of the number of victims: Franziszek Piper, head of the historical department of the museum, established a new propaganda number of 1.5 million this time. Following this the inscriptions on the memorial stones were deleted; by October 1991 they were still not inscribed. Later the following text was chiselled in:

»May this place be a scream of dispair and a warning to mankind. The Nazis murdered here about one and a half million men, women and children. Most of them were Jews from different countries of Europe. Auschwitz-Birkenau 1940-1945.«

In 1991 F. Piper wrote a long article about the number of victims of the camp, in which he announced a detailed study; now he did not talk anymore of 1,500,000 but only of 1,100,000 dead. In the following year was this article published in form of a small book, and again two years later, in 1993, did Piper publish the definite version of his study under the title The Number of Victims in Auschwitz.
On what fragile foundation this new number of 1.1 million is based, and to what new revisions it was subjected during the last decades, is well known. But how was it possible that the the Soviet propaganda number of four million could stay valid in Auschwitz itself up to the year 1990? F. Piper expressed himself about this as follows:

»The number of four million victims was spread in the literature by Jan Sehn, who was in 1945 and 1946 head of the Polish commission for the investigation of crimes in Auschwitz. This number was mentioned in many publications in Poland (Governmental Auschwitz museum, main commission for the investigation of Nazi crimes in Poland), in Czecho-Slovakia and in the DDR (former East Germany). However this number of three to four million found no larger resonance in publications of the West, regardless of the known testimony of Höß in Nuremberg. One of the first researchers who questioned this high estimated number of victims in Auschwitz was the British historian Gerald Reitlinger. In his elaborate study about the destruction of the Jews during the Second World War he wrote, that in Auschwitz „condsiderable less than a million people“ died, of these about 550,000 to 600,000 Jews who were murdered immidiately after their arrival in the camp and an unknown number of about 300,000 registered prisoners, who were not there on the day of liberation, in their majority Jews.«

In praxis was the propaganda number of four million dictated by the Soviets and maintained for pure self-interest by the communist world. The West however accepted in general the lapidary judgement of G. Reitlinger:

»The world became suspicious about such „estimates“, and the round number of 4 million cannot withstand a serious examination.«

The Polish judge Jan Sehn was actually more Sovietic than the Soviets themselves: In the known summary of conclusions of his investigation of the year 1946, which became in the following year the foundation of the bill of indictment in the Höß trial, he talked even of five million victims (»pięciu milionów«)!
J. Sehn knew very well that the Soviet four million number was an obvious lie. During his investigations prior to the Höß-trial he reviewed thoroughly the so called transport lists.These were simplified transcripts of the original documents prepared secretely by inmates who were employed by the political department of the camp. In one protocol dated »Cracow, December 16, 1945«, Sehn transcribed and analyzed these lists; they included:

a) 2,377 transports with male prisoners from May 20, 1940 to September 18, 1944. The arrivals were assigned the registration numbers 1-199531.
b) 1,046 transports with female prisoners from February 26, 1942 to March 26, 1944. these prisoners received the numbers 1-75697.
c) 78 of male transports ordered by the RSHA, from May 12 to August 1944 (registration numbers A-1/A-20,000).
d) 60 transports with male Jews from July 31, to September 1944, ordered by the RSHA (registration numbers B-1/B-10481).
e) 90 transports with female Jews from May 15, to September 20, 1944 ordered by the RSHA (registration numbers A-1/A-25378).
f) 171 transports with prisoners for re-education from October 21, 1941 to September 20, 1944 (registration numbers E/1/E-9.339).

Although these lists are not complete, they allow to determine roughly the order of magnitude of the transports which arrived in Auschwitz. In fact they also serve as the base for the Auschwitz Chronicle by Danuta Czech published in German language between 1959 and 1964.
As is generally known did the French-Jewish historian Georges Wellers write an article in 1983 about the number of victims of Auschwitz, which is based also on the study by D. Czech. Wellers came to the conclusion that 1,613,455 people were deported to Auschwitz, of which 1,334,700 were killed there. Although his calculations are full of deceits (which I pointed out in a seperate study), did his writing deal a death blow to the four-million fairy tale. Why did the Auschwitz-Museum defend the four million number until 1990, although the study, which formed the base for their revision existed already since 1964? F. Piper gave the following explanation:

»The state-run Auschwitz-museum in Oświęcim started relatively late in the seventies to research the problem of the number of victims. The researches at that time did not give clear results and did neither confirm nor question the numbers of the Soviet and Polish investigating authorities.«

As has already been noted, this is completely wrong, because the primary instrument of the propagandistic four-million number – D. Czech’s Kalendarium – was created by the Auschwitz-Museum itself, and this refutes that number categorically, as G. Wellers proved later, regardles of his own deceits. And although the Kalendarium as already mentioned existed since 1964, did F. Piper write in the year 1978 in a French book, which belongs to the first general history of the camp published by the Auschwitz museum, in the chapter titled »Ausrottung« the following:

»In the barely five years of the existence of the camp there perished about 4,000,000 people as the consequence of deseases, executions as well as mass murders in the gas chambers.«

F. Piper states, that he worked since 1980 with the number of victims of Auschwitz and came in 1986 to preliminary conclusions, but can one seriously believe, that a researcher, who was already employed by the historical department of the Auschwitz museum since 1965 and is today its manager, took the Soviet four-million legend at face value? Should this really be the case, that would be proof for a tragic blindness, unworthy of a history researcher. But if it not so, as I assume, it is proof of an indecent political and ideological opportunism, which also does not befit a history researcher.
It should also be indicated, that the so called memoirs of the first Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Höß came out in Poland and that he talks in them of two and one half million victims; he allegedly was given this number by Eichmann. Höß counts the »largest actions«, from which results a total of 1,130,000 deportees; this would have been one more reason for the Auschwitz museum as well as F. Piper to check out the four million number.
In 1990, after the collapse of the communist regime in Poland, F. Piper made use of the favorable hour to ban the by now thoroughly discredited old number into history’s junk room: he pretends now to be the „free“ and „critical“ spirit, who undertook a major revision and therefor deserves the attention of the „historians“!

4. The Consequences of giving up the Propaganda Number of Four Million

Who ever thinks that the propaganda number of four million can be dropped without punishment deceives himself completely. Because this number is closely connected with the thesis of the mass destruction in Auschwitz and cannot be thrown overboard, without bringing the whole artificial building into swaying. Regardless of the futile efforts by Jean-Claude Pressac, to prove this thesis of mass destruction documentary, is it based up to this day absolutely only on the statements of alleged eye witnesses, and Pressac himself had to make use of those, when he tried to desribe the first alleged homicidal gassing in crematorium II of Birkenau.
As already said, the witness testimonies and the four-million number were right from the beginning intimately woven together, in a way that the refutation of the witness testimonies would have been equivalent to a refutation of this number and vice versa; at the same time would the complete thesis of the mass extermination in Auschwitz become untenable.
Today, as the four-million number is finally off the table, did the official history in fact take this irreversible path to disprove the orthodox Auschwitz version. The investigation of the actual capacity of the cremation ovens of Auschwitz causes inevitably the breakdown of the thesis, that there was in Auschwitz a mass extermination of people, because the most important witnesses, whose testimonies are necessary to support this thesis, have been exposed in the meantime as common deceivers. It can be said today without fear of confutation, that not a single key witness – the members of the so called „Sonderkommando“ – ever said the truth about the cremation ovens, but did lie shameleddly without exception.
They lied in order to reinforce the thesis of the mass extermination. But if they did say the untruth in this key point, what believability have then their testimonies regarding the „gassings of people“?
An honest dispute about this question has to result necessaily to a radical reduction of the number of alleged „gassed“, and the article published by Fritjof Meyer in the spring of 2002 about the number of victims in Auschwitz38 is for the official history a sign on the wall.
This is of course only valid for those researchers who posses a minimum of honesty and critical spirit, and certainly not for the Auschwitz-museum, although its „historians“ have abandoned the four-million number, but quote up to today the thermo-dynamically rediculous testimonies of the „eye witnesses“ as serious sources and could not care less about the obvious contradiction which results from this.
In this sense F. Piper was not above it writing still in the year 1994:

»A letter of the Zentralbauleitung (central construction administration) to Group C of June 24, 1943 states, that the capacity of crematorium I was 340 bodies, 1,440 each for crematoriums II and III as well as 768 each for crematoriums IV and V.40 Thus the five crematoriums could cremate 4,765 bodies daily. This estimate agrees with the descriptions about the capacity of a five-muffle crematorium for POW’s, according to which two bodies could be cremated within 30 minutes. However crematorium I was shut down in the following month, which reduced the capacity to 4,515.
In their attempt to increase the cremation capacity of the ovens the camp administration recommended to cut down the cremation time to 20 minutes and to triple the number of corpses, depending on the size of the bodies. As a result the capacity of the crematorium could almost be doubled and went up to 8000 corpses within 24 hours, as an inmate of the Sonderkommando, Feinsilber, testifies.«


Thus invented this „critical spirit“ of the Auschwitz-museum, who reduced the number of victims of the camp to almost a quarter, continue opportunistically a capacity, which was eight times above the actual capacity! F. Piper of course knows exactly that the believability of his „eye witnesses“ goes down the drain if he would correctly state the capacity of the ovens, also the allegations of the same witnesses about homicidal gassings would become with one stroke unbelievable. This is the reason that the Auschwitz-museum is and continues to be an authority on the superstition and prefers the fairy tales of the „eye witnesses“ over the science.

Abbreviations
AGK: Archiwum Głównej Komisji Badania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi polskiemu (archive of the main commission for the research of the crimes against the Polish people, Warsaw)
GARF: Gosudarstvenni Archiv Rossiskoi Federatsii (States archive of the Rusian Federation, Moscow)
RGVA: Rossiiskii Gosudarstvennii Vojennii Archiv (State Russian war archive, before TCIDK - Tsentr Chranenija Istoriko-dokumental’nich Kollektsii, Center for storing historical-documentary collections, Moscow)

Notes

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Re: Mattogno: The Four Million Number of Auschwitz

Postby Hebden » 1 decade 7 years ago (Wed Apr 30, 2003 8:50 am)

Here again is our improved version:

The Four Million Number of Auschwitz:
Origin, Revisions and Consequences

By Carlo Mattogno

Although scientifically untenable, it passed for a long time in public as an irrevocable truth, that four million prisoners perished in the concentration camp Auschwitz. In the edition 3/1999, the Vierteljahreshefte für freie Geschichtsforschung, published two articles about the development and the political abuse of the number of victims of the KL Auschwitz. Responding to the sensational article by the leading Spiegel-editor, Fritjof Meyer, the Vierteljahreshefte für freie Geschichtsforschung, in the edition 4/2002, published a series of articles which dealt with the latest up-to-date [these terms are practically synonomous, so one could be omitted] state and development of the number of victims of Auschwitz.3 However, the question was so far not touched, how the number of 4,000,000 victims, grossly exaggerated but spread dogmatically as true for decades, actually came into existence and what consequences would result from its revision. Carlo Mattogno, investigated below, the two main causes of the false four-million number: Soviet propaganda and the tireless propaganda activity of the Polish communist historian Franciszek Piper.

I. Thrust to the Roots of Soviet Propaganda
1. The Origin of the Propaganda Number of Four Million

As is generally known the propaganda story of the alleged four million Auschwitz victims first appeared in the Pravda of May 7, 1945 and received in the Nuremberg trial during the court session on February 19, 1946. thanks to the Senior justice counselor Smirnov, its official blessing. But far less known is the origin of this story.
Within the framework of the investigations between February 14 and March 8, 1945 by a Soviet investigation commission in Auschwitz, four engineers, the Polish citizen Dawidowski and the Soviet citizens Dolinski, Lavruschin and Schuer, prepared an expert report about the “gas chambers” and crematoriums [or crematoria] of Auschwitz-Birkenau. In it is a short »Appendix 1« with the title »Calculations for determinating the Number of Persons liquidated by the Germans in the Camp Auschwitz« On these three pages we find the genesis of the four million number. The “expert report” starts with the following premises:

»Based on the investigated material it can be determined, that the Germans, when they removed carefully the traces of their crimes and misdeeds, destroyed all documents which would have made it possible to determine more or less accurately the number of the murdered by Hitler’s butchers in the camp.
Thus the Germans removed for example the documentations about the arrival of railroad transports with people; they destroyed the documentations about the quantities of women’s hair, eye glasses and dresses as well as other evidence, which would have made it possible to determine with the help of statistical calculations the number of persons who perished in this camp.
Nevertheless we [do] think that it is possible to perform a calculation which would permit to determine the order of magnitude of the extermination of camp inmates by the Germans.«


Because they did not have any documents, the Polish-Soviet “experts” used a completely unreliable method of calculation – the counting of the cremated corpses in the crematoriums of Auschwitz - and made additional grotesque exaggerations.
First they divided the operation time of these installations into three periods:

First period: Beginning of March 1941 to March 1943;
duration 14 months. [? shouldn't this be 24 months?]
Second period:March 1943 to May 1944;
duration 13 months.
Third period: May to October 1944;
duration 6 months.

I quote:

»During the first period in operation were the crematorium and the gas chambers 1 and 2 as well as the pyres located next to them. During the second period the crematoriums II, III, IV and V. During the third period the crematoriums II, III, IV and V as well as the gas chamber 2 and the pyres next to it.«

All calculations about the cremations in the ovens are based on the premises that 9,000 corpses per month were cremated in Auschwitz I, while the crematoriums of Birkenau had the following monthly cremation capacity:

Crematorium II: 90,000
Crematorium III: 90,000
Crematorium IV: 45,000
Crematorium V: 45,000
Total: 270,000 corpses per month

This cremation capacity corresponds to 9,000 corpses daily (3,000 each for crematorium II and III, 1,500 each daily for crematorium IV and V) and is in reality eight times higher than the theoretical maximum capacity of these installations!
Inexplicably the “experts” determined for crematorium I a capacity which is only exaggerated by a factor of two. From this it follows, that the alleged hourly cremation capacity of a two muffle oven (two corpses per hour) would have been four times less than a three muffle oven as well as a eight muffle oven (eight corpses per hour)). This is absurd, because the two muffle ovens were in no way inferior to the ovens of Birkenau, but were on the contrary superior.
The “experts” calculated the number of the cremated bodies during the third period based on the following factors:

270,000 = monthly number of cremations in the crematoriums of Birkenau;
6 = Number of months the crematoriums were in operation;
0.9 = Utilization factor of the crematoriums;
Therefore: (270,000x6)x0.9 = 1,450,000 dead.

For the second period of thirteen months the “experts” assume an utilization factor of 0.5, so that their calculation looks as follows:
(270,000x13)x0.5 = 1,755,000 corpses; this number is rounded up to 1,750,000.

Also for the first period of fourteen [again, this should be 24 months] month, during which only the crematorium I was in operation, the “experts” decided for an utilization factor of 0.5 and came thus to:
(9,000x14)x0.5 = 63,000 dead. [or 108,000 dead in 24 months]

Accordingly the total number of corpses cremated in the crematoriums as per the commission during these three periods amounted to 3,263,000.


For the „gas chamber 2“, the so called „Bunker 2“, which was supposed to be in operation for six months during the third period, the experts determined a daily killing capacity of 3000 people, or 90,000 per month. They assumed an utilization factor of 0.5, which according to them will result in a the total number of the murdered in that location to

(90,000x6)x0.5 = 270,000.

The „gas chamber 1“, i.e. the so called „Bunker 1“, was according to the „experts“ in operation during the first period for fourteen months and had a killing capacity of 5,000 per day or 150,000 per month. Using an utilization factor of 0.25 the „experts“ therefore calculated (150,000×14)×0.25 = 525,000 dead.
Under these presuppositions the number of gassed in both „bunkers“ and then on pyres cremated would have resulted in 795,000. Adding this number to the murdered and cremated in the crematoriums will result in a number of 4,058,000, which was rounded off by the „experts“ to 4,000,000.

2. The Arrangements between „Experts“ and „Witnesses“
It is not necessary to lose too many words about the evidently outrageous character of this statistical method, which is based on a gigantic exaggeration of the cremation capacity as well as the totally arbitrarily fixed utilization coefficients.
It has to be absolutely emphasized, that the testimonies of the „eye witness“ from the beginning to the end fit seamlessly into the propagandistic frame. This „expert report“ as well as the „eye witness reports“support each other, where the witnesses without any doubt were instructed by the „experts“, before they made their testimonies. It is a fact in any case, that the witnesses as well as the „experts“ made basically incorrect statements. I am thinking in the first place about the capacity of the crematoriums as postulated by both.
Henryk Tauber, plainly the key witness, was questioned by the Soviets on February 27 and 28, 1945. He maintained that the two-muffle ovens of crematorium I operated at a muffle temperature between 1,200 to 1,500 degrees Celsius, which is absolutely absurd. He further testified that in the five three muffle ovens of the crematoriums II and III, within 20 to 25 minutes, four to five corpses were cremated in one muffle – technically an impossibility. Finally, he testified that in the crematoriums II and III, 3,000 corpses were cremated per day, which corresponds exactly to the number as stated by the Polish-Soviet „experts“.
A coincidence? Certainly not, because the statements with regards to the functioning of the cremation ovens as made by Tauber and the „experts“ are practically identical. The „experts“ started from the hypothesis that three to five corpses were placed at the same time into the three muffle ovens, which took 20 to 30 minutes, and in a eight-muffle oven the cremation of a corresponding number of corpses lasted 30 to 40 minutes.
Every engineer, even with only a cursory knowledge of thermo-dynamics, would have started laughing because of such nonsense; however, the Polish-Soviet engineers maintained with all their know-how that their statements are of scientific value! Also, every engineer with basic thermo-dynamic knowledge would have dismissed witnesses, who came up with such silliness, as incompetent, but the Polish-Soviet engineers were first of all willing tools of the Soviet propaganda, and at that time crude propaganda was in great fashion.
The Soviet-Polish commission, which inspected Majdanek in August 1944, „calculated“ for that camp a number of 1,380,000 victims;11 and now it was necessary that Auschwitz should place the world in horror and for this it needed a number of victims which would exceed the one of Majdanek – four million to be exact!
Other Soviet „experts“, the engineers Krause, Teljaner and Grigorev, had prepared half a year earlier – in August 1944 – an „expert report“ about the cremation ovens of the KL Majdanek, which were erected by the company H. Kori, in which among others a »schematic diagram for the determination of the cremation time of the corpses in different cremation ovens at different temperatures« was included. According to its authors, this diagram was based on operating temperatures measured for civilian ovens of the models Klingenstierna, Siemens and Schneider. According to it, the cremation duration at an operating temperature of 800 degrees Celsius was two hours, which is not below, but actually lies, on the contrary, above the actual duration. According to the diagram, the cremation of a corpse at an operating temperature of 1000 degrees Celsius – the temperature at those gigantic „hot air cremation ovens“ – lasts 60 minutes, at 1200 degrees Celsius 50 minutes, at 1300 degrees Celsius 45 minutes, at 1400 degrees Celsius 30 minutes and at 1500 degrees Celsius 15 minutes. Actually, the temperature inside the muffle of ovens for civilians could only reach 1100 degrees Celsius maximum, and this for only a few minutes. Engineer Richard Kessler, one of the most well known German specialists in the area of cremation, said referring to this:

»Operating temperatures of 1200 to 1500ºC as they are frequently mentioned in reports about the operation of crematoriums [...] are probably only erroneously estimated, but not measured, temperatures. At these temperatures the bones as well as the „Schamottmaterial“ (fire resistant material) soften and weld together. The most practical operating temperatures lie between 850 and 900ºC, according to tests in Dessau.«

It is therefore clear, that the Soviet „specialists“ who dealt with Auschwitz, based the absurd alleged cremation time of 20 to 40 minutes in the Topf ovens on this diagram, according to which such cremation times at tempertures between 1200 and 1500 degree Celsius could be reached.
From this it easily follows, that Henryk Tauber’s depositions, according to which the ovens had an operating temperature from 1200 to 1500 degree Celsius, were nothing else than the attempt of an explanation of the impossibly short postulated cremation time. The only logical conclusion is, that these temperature – as well as the alleged cremation time – were directly or indirectly given to him by the „experts“ themselves!
Later, on May 24, 1945, Tauber who understood very little of these questions, when questioned by the Polish judge Jahn Sehn, testified that the operating temperature of the ovens was between 1000 to 1200 degrees Celsius, but maintained his idiotic assertions about the cremation capacity and openly mentioned the Soviet number of four million victims! This ignorant simpleton did not even understand that he contradicted himself with this, because according to the mentioned diagram the cremation of a corpse at these temperatures lasts an average of 75 minutes!

3. The Reason and Meaning of Franciszek Piper’s Revision
As is generally known, the propaganda number of four million Auschwitz victims as circulated by the Soviets, was chiselled into the memorial stones, which were erected – as an eternal warning to posterity – not far from the crematoriums II and III of Birkenau. Until 1990 the stones pronounced the four million people who were murdered by the Nazis. In that year – the Soviet system had just collapsed – the Auschwitz museum undertook a revision of the number of victims: Franziszek Piper, head of the historical department of the museum, established a new propaganda number of 1.5 million this time. Following this, the inscriptions on the memorial stones were deleted; by October 1991 they were still not inscribed. Later the following text was chiselled in:

»May this place be a scream of despair and a warning to mankind. The Nazis murdered here about one and a half million men, women and children. Most of them were Jews from different countries of Europe. Auschwitz-Birkenau 1940-1945.«

In 1991 F. Piper wrote a long article about the number of victims of the camp, in which he announced a detailed study; now he did not talk anymore of 1,500,000 but only of 1,100,000 dead. In the following year, this article was published in form of a small book, and again two years later, in 1993, Piper published the definite version of his study under the title The Number of Victims in Auschwitz.
On what fragile foundation this new number of 1.1 million is based, and to what new revisions it was subjected during the last decade, is well known. But how was it possible that the the Soviet propaganda number of four million could stay valid in Auschwitz itself up to the year 1990? F. Piper expressed himself regarding this, as follows:

»The number of four million victims was spread in the literature by Jan Sehn, who was in 1945 and 1946 head of the Polish commission for the investigation of crimes in Auschwitz. This number was mentioned in many publications in Poland (Governmental Auschwitz museum, main commission for the investigation of Nazi crimes in Poland), in Czecho-Slovakia and in the DDR (former East Germany). However, this number of three to four million found no larger resonance in publications of the West, regardless of the known testimony of Höß in Nuremberg. One of the first researchers who questioned this high estimated number of victims in Auschwitz was the British historian Gerald Reitlinger. In his elaborate study about the destruction of the Jews during the Second World War he wrote, that in Auschwitz „considerably less than a million people“ died, of these about 550,000 to 600,000 Jews who were murdered immidiately after their arrival in the camp and an unknown number of about 300,000 registered prisoners, who were not there on the day of liberation, in their majority, Jews.«

In praxis was the propaganda number of four million dictated by the Soviets and maintained for pure self-interest by the communist world. The West however accepted in general the lapidary judgement of G. Reitlinger:

»The world became suspicious about such „estimates“, and the round number of 4 million cannot withstand a serious examination.«

[What the author actually wrote in English is: 'The world has grown mistrustful of 'rectified coefficients' and the figure of four millions has become ridiculous.']

The Polish judge Jan Sehn was actually more Sovietic [Soviet would suffice] than the Soviets themselves: In the known summary of conclusions of his investigation of the year 1946, which became in the following year the foundation of the bill of indictment in the Höß trial, he even talked of five million victims (»pięciu milionów«)!
J. Sehn knew very well that the Soviet four million number was an obvious lie. During his investigations prior to the Höß-trial, he reviewed thoroughly the so-called transport lists.These were simplified transcripts of the original documents, prepared secretly by inmates who were employed by the political department of the camp. In one protoco,l dated »Cracow, December 16, 1945«, Sehn transcribed and analyzed these lists; they included:

a) 2,377 transports with male prisoners from May 20, 1940 to September 18, 1944. The arrivals were assigned the registration numbers 1-199531.
b) 1,046 transports with female prisoners from February 26, 1942 to March 26, 1944. These prisoners received the numbers 1-75697.
c) 78 of male transports ordered by the RSHA, from May 12 to August 1944 (registration numbers A-1/A-20,000).
d) 60 transports with male Jews from July 31, to September 1944, ordered by the RSHA (registration numbers B-1/B-10481).
e) 90 transports with female Jews from May 15, to September 20, 1944 ordered by the RSHA (registration numbers A-1/A-25378).
f) 171 transports with prisoners for re-education from October 21, 1941 to September 20, 1944 (registration numbers E/1/E-9.339).

Although these lists are not complete, they allow to be determined roughly the order of magnitude of the transports which arrived in Auschwitz. In fact, they also serve as the base for the Auschwitz Chronicle by Danuta Czech, published in German language between 1959 and 1964.
As is generally known, the French-Jewish historian Georges Wellers wrote an article in 1983 about the number of victims of Auschwitz, which is also based on the study by D. Czech. Wellers came to the conclusion that 1,613,455 people were deported to Auschwitz, of which 1,334,700 were killed there. Although his calculations are full of deceits (which I pointed out in a separate study), his writing dealt a death blow to the four-million fairytale. Why did the Auschwitz-Museum defend the four million number until 1990, although [when is preferable] the study, which formed the basis for their revision, had existed [already] since 1964? F. Piper gave the following explanation:

»The state-run Auschwitz-museum in Oświęcim started relatively late in the seventies to research the problem of the number of victims. The researches at that time did not give clear results, and did neither confirm nor question the numbers of the Soviet and Polish investigating authorities.«

As has already been noted, this is completely wrong, because the primary instrument of the propagandistic four-million number – D. Czech’s Kalendarium – was created by the Auschwitz-Museum itself, and this refutes that number categorically, as G. Wellers proved later, regardless of his own deceits [deceptions is an alternative]. And although the Kalendarium, as already mentioned, existed since 1964, F. Piper wrote in the year 1978 in a French book, which belongs to the first general history of the camp published by the Auschwitz museum, in the chapter titled »Ausrottung« the following:

»In the barely five years of the existence of the camp there perished about 4,000,000 people as the consequence of deseases, executions as well as mass murders in the gas chambers.«

F. Piper states, that he worked since 1980 on the number of victims of Auschwitz and came in 1986 to preliminary conclusions, but can one seriously believe, that a researcher, who was already employed by the historical department of the Auschwitz museum since 1965 and is today its manager, took the Soviet four-million legend at face value? Should this really be the case, that would be proof for a tragic blindness, unworthy of a history researcher. But if it not so, as I assume, it is proof of an indecent political and ideological opportunism, which also does not befit a history researcher.
It should also be indicated, that the so-called memoirs of the first Auschwitz commandant, Rudolf Höß, came out in Poland and that he talks in them of two and one half million victims; he was allegedly given this number by Eichmann. Höß counts the »largest actions«, from which results a total of 1,130,000 deportees; this would have been one more reason for the Auschwitz museum as well as F. Piper to check out the four million number.
In 1990, after the collapse of the communist regime in Poland, F. Piper made use of the favorable hour to ban the, by now, thoroughly discredited old number into history’s junk room: he pretends now to be the „free“ and „critical“ spirit, who undertook a major revision and therefore deserves the attention of the „historians“!

4. The Consequences of giving up the Propaganda Number of Four Million

Whoever thinks that the propaganda number of four million can be dropped without punishment, deceives himself completely. Because this number is closely connected with the thesis of the mass destruction in Auschwitz and cannot be thrown overboard without bringing the whole artificial building into swaying ['without rocking the whole artificial building' would be our choice]. Regardless of the futile efforts by Jean-Claude Pressac, to prove this thesis of mass destruction documentary ['with documents' or 'on a documentary basis'], it is based, up to this day, absolutely only on the statements of alleged eye witnesses, and Pressac himself had to make use of those, when he tried to describe the first alleged homicidal gassing in crematorium II of Birkenau.
As already said, the witness testimonies and the four-million number were, right from the beginning, intimately woven together, in a way that the refutation of the witness testimonies would have been equivalent to a refutation of this number and vice versa; at the same time the complete thesis of the mass extermination in Auschwitz would become untenable.
Today, as the four-million number is finally off the table, did the official history in fact take this irreversible path to disprove the orthodox Auschwitz version. The investigation of the actual capacity of the cremation ovens of Auschwitz inevitably causes the breakdown of the thesis, that there was in Auschwitz a mass extermination of people, because the most important witnesses, whose testimonies are necessary to support this thesis, have been exposed in the meantime as common deceivers. It can be said today, without fear of confutation, that not a single key witness – the members of the so called „Sonderkommando“ – ever spoke the truth about the cremation ovens, but lied shamelessly, without exception.
They lied in order to reinforce the thesis of the mass extermination. But if they spoke untruths on this key point, what believability [credibility] then have their testimonies regarding the „gassings of people“?
An honest dispute about this question has to result, necessarily, in a radical reduction of the number of alleged „gassed“, and the article published by Fritjof Meyer in the spring of 2002 about the number of victims in Auschwitz38 is, for the official history, a sign on the wall.
This is, of course, only valid for those researchers who possess a minimum of honesty and critical spirit, and certainly not for the Auschwitz-museum, although its „historians“ have abandoned the four-million number, but quote, up to today, the thermo-dynamically ridiculous testimonies of the „eye witnesses“ as serious sources, and could not care less about the obvious contradiction which results from this.
In this sense, F. Piper was not above still writing in the year 1994:

»A letter of the Zentralbauleitung (central construction administration) to Group C of June 24, 1943 states, that the capacity of crematorium I was 340 bodies, 1,440 each for crematoriums II and III as well as 768 each for crematoriums IV and V.40 Thus the five crematoriums could cremate 4,765 bodies daily. This estimate agrees with the descriptions about the capacity of a five-muffle crematorium for POW’s, according to which two bodies could be cremated within 30 minutes. However crematorium I was shut down in the following month, which reduced the capacity to 4,515.
In their attempt to increase the cremation capacity of the ovens the camp administration recommended to cut down the cremation time to 20 minutes and to triple the number of corpses, depending on the size of the bodies. As a result the capacity of the crematorium could almost be doubled and went up to 8000 corpses within 24 hours, as an inmate of the Sonderkommando, Feinsilber, testifies.«


Thus invented this „critical spirit“ of the Auschwitz-museum, who reduced the number of victims of the camp to almost a quarter, continue opportunistically a capacity, which was eight times above the actual capacity! [this last sentence needs clarification] F. Piper, of course, knows exactly [is fully aware] that the believability [credibility] of his „eye witnesses“ would go down the drain, if he would correctly state the capacity of the ovens; also the allegations of the same witnesses about homicidal gassings would become with one stroke unbelievable. This is the reason that the Auschwitz-museum is, and continues to be, an authority on superstition and prefers the fairy tales of the „eye witnesses“ over the science.

Abbreviations
AGK: Archiwum Głównej Komisji Badania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi polskiemu (archive of the main commission for the research of the crimes against the Polish people, Warsaw)
GARF: Gosudarstvenni Archiv Rossiskoi Federatsii (States archive of the Rusian Federation, Moscow)
RGVA: Rossiiskii Gosudarstvennii Vojennii Archiv (State Russian war archive, before TCIDK - Tsentr Chranenija Istoriko-dokumental’nich Kollektsii, Center for storing historical-documentary collections, Moscow)

Notes

slob
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Re: Mattogno: The Four Million Number of Auschwitz

Postby slob » 2 years 8 months ago (Sun Jan 21, 2018 6:19 pm)

The holocaust tales are like the drunk fisherman in the pub. He caught a minnow really, but to impress and get free drinks, he said of his catch "it were this big!".

Sensible and ridiculous claims.....
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slob
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Re: Mattogno: The Four Million Number of Auschwitz

Postby slob » 2 years 8 months ago (Sun Jan 28, 2018 2:48 pm)

If you will bare with my mad reckonings.....

365 days x 60 bodies = 21,900+/-
21,900 x 6 years = 131,400+/-

So upto the beginning of 1943 60,000 thereabouts had died?
By the middle of 1943 94,000 thereabouts had died?
And by beginning of 1945 150,000 thereabouts died?

Makes a bit more sense than the 6 million or 4 million or 1.5 million??

Oh, and who is telling the truth, 70 years of propoganda about thousands burnt everday. Or this...... 50-60 cremated a day at Auschwitz????

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