What was the fate of Black Africans in the so-called "holocaust"?
The standard story, told to all American school children, is that Hitler believed Germans were a superior race and wanted to exterminate any non-"Aryan" he could get his hands on, because he believed they were all [genetically] inferior. And, in his quest for world domination, he took over half of Europe and set up concentration camps to exterminate every non-"Aryan" he could, simply for being an "inferior" race ... but with a special hatred for Jews, who he used as a "scapegoat" for everything bad that ever happened. Yes, Hitler was the most racist and evil man who has ever lived, and with his evil SS troops he intended to enslave the world and destroy everything beautiful and good... But we stopped him, we saved Europe, America, and the world!!
Some mainstream sources discussing the issue:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persecuti ... zi_Germany
https://theconversation.com/what-happen ... azis-53599
https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/ ... ocaust-era
From the last link:
Blacks during the Holocaust Era
Although the Nazis did not have an organized program to eliminate African Germans, many of them were persecuted, as were other people of African descent. Some blacks in Germany and German-occupied territories were isolated; an unknown number were sterilized, incarcerated or murdered.
1 - Persecution of blacks occurred despite their relatively small presence in Germany. Blacks accounted for roughly 20,000 people out of an overall population of 65 million by 1933.
2 - The children of African soldiers serving with French troops and German women were viewed as a threat to the purity of the Germanic race. The Nazis referred to them as the “Rhineland Bastards.”
3 - Blacks from other areas of Europe and America were also victimized by the Nazi regime after they were caught in German-occupied Europe during World War II or held as a prisoners of war.
Blacks in Germany Before 1933
After World War I, the Allies stripped Germany of its African colonies. The German military stationed in Africa, known as the Schutztruppen, as well as missionaries, colonial bureaucrats, and settlers, returned to Germany with racist attitudes. Separation of whites and blacks was mandated by the Reichstag (German parliament), which enacted a law against mixed marriages in the African colonies.
Following World War I and the Treaty of Versailles (1919), the victorious Allies occupied the Rhineland in western Germany. The use of French colonial troops, some of whom were black, in these occupation forces heightened anti-black racism in Germany. Racist propaganda against black soldiers depicted them as rapists of German women and carriers of venereal and other diseases. The children of black soldiers and German women were called “Rhineland Bastards.”
Nazi Perceptions of Blacks
The Nazis, at the time a small political movement, viewed the “Rhineland Bastards” as a threat to the purity of the Germanic race. In his autobiography, Mein Kampf (My Struggle), Hitler charged that “the Jews had brought the Negroes into the Rhineland with the clear aim of ruining the hated white race by the necessarily-resulting bastardization.”
African German mulatto (a person of mixed white and black ancestry) children were marginalized in German society, isolated socially and economically, and not allowed to attend university. Racial discrimination prohibited them from seeking most jobs, including service in the military. With the Nazi rise to power they became a target of racial and population policy. By 1937, the Gestapo had secretly rounded up and forcibly sterilized many of them. Some were subjected to medical experiments; others mysteriously “disappeared.”
Influence of Black Artists in Culture
Both before and after World War I, many Africans came to Germany as students, artisans, entertainers, former soldiers, or low-level colonial officials, such as tax collectors, who had worked for the imperial colonial government. Hilarius (Lari) Gilges, a dancer by profession, was murdered by the SS in 1933, probably because he was black. Gilges' German wife later received restitution from a postwar German government for his murder by the Nazis.
Some African Americans, caught in German-occupied Europe during World War II, also became victims of the Nazi regime. Many, like female jazz artist Valaida Snow, were imprisoned in Axis internment camps for alien nationals.
In the early 1920s, African American jazz artists could not break through the racial divide in the US, so they took to Europe where they could perform with ever-growing popularity. The cultural movement of this music threatened the expansion of Nazi ideology, which held this music to be immoral. By the mid-1930s Nazi authorities banned all foreign, non-Aryan music in Germany, but the campaign to rid the country of jazz did not stop American artists from going abroad to share their art. The portrait artist Josef Nassy, living in Belgium, was arrested as an enemy alien and held for seven months in the Beverloo transit camp in German-occupied Belgium. He was later transferred to Germany, where he spent the rest of the war in the Laufen internment camp and its subcamp, Tittmoning, both in Upper Bavaria.
Black Prisoners of War
European and American blacks were also interned in the Nazi concentration camp system. Black prisoners of war faced illegal incarceration and mistreatment at the hands of the Nazis, who did not uphold the regulations imposed by the Geneva Convention (international agreement on the conduct of war and the treatment of wounded and captured soldiers). Lieutenant Darwin Nichols, an African American pilot, was incarcerated in a Gestapo prison in Butzbach. Black soldiers of the American, French, and British armies were worked to death on construction projects or died as a result of mistreatment in concentration or prisoner-of-war camps. Others were never even incarcerated, but were instead immediately killed by the SS or Gestapo.
After battling for freedoms and defending democracy worldwide, African American soldiers returned home in 1945 only to find themselves faced with the existing prejudice and “Jim Crow” laws. Despite segregation in the military at the time, more than one million African Americans were fighting for the US Armed Forces on the homefront, in Europe, and in the Pacific by 1945. Some African American members of the US armed forces were liberators and witnesses to Nazi atrocities. The 761st Tank Battalion (an all-African American tank unit), attached to the 71st Infantry Division, US Third Army, under the command of General George Patton, participated in the liberation of Gunskirchen, a subcamp of the Mauthausen concentration camp, in May 1945.
Seems to be an exaggeration, how many Blacks were even in nazi-controlled Europe at this point in time? To be fair, at the time, other Whites (especially Americans) did not like Blacks.
During WWII, White Americans were polled and it was found that: "90 percent of the American people state that they would rather loose [sic] the war than give full equality to the American Negroes" https://books.google.com/books?id=zswoV ... 22&f=false
According to Black Olympic athlete Jesse Owens, "When I passed the Chancellor he arose, waved his hand at me, and I waved back at him. I think the writers showed bad taste in criticizing the man of the hour in Germany."
also "Hitler didn't snub me—it was FDR who snubbed me. The president didn't even send me a telegram."
The above photographs all display black African volunteers of the Freies Arabien Legion serving with the Wehrmacht. Top left – An African volunteer posing with German troops in Greece, 1943. Bottom center – African volunteers attached to a Luftwaffe unit. Bottom right – African volunteer attached to the Africa Korps in Tunisia.