Frydrych/Friedrich report on Treblinka

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Laurentz Dahl
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Frydrych/Friedrich report on Treblinka

Postby Laurentz Dahl » 1 decade 2 years ago (Sat Jul 07, 2007 1:37 am)

The following regards a report on Treblinka written by a Jewish Bund agent named Zalman/Zalmen Frydrych/Friedrich:

The next report was made in September of 1942 by the Bund. The Bund was the largest Jewish political party in Poland before and during the war. Its underground newspaper On Guard (Ojf der Wache), published in the Warsaw Ghetto, provided in the September 20, 1942 issue, an in-depth report about the Treblinka II camp. Exhibit 71. It was compiled by an officer of the pre-war Polish Army, Zelman Frydrych, a military investigator and later a hero who fell in the Ghetto Uprising. The Aryan-looking Frydrych was sent by the Bund to Treblinka to investigate the ghastly "rumors" about this camp circulated by its escapees among the population of the ghetto. Recently uncovered wartime aerial photographs of the Treblinka area show that the camp could be easily observed from the nearby trees. Also, peasants were plowing their fields next to the barbed wire of the 12 hectare camp, so that it was not difficult to see what was going on in the camp.

Frydrych's contemporary intelligence report provides a substantially different picture of the Treblinka II camp than that presented 44 years later by the former Jewish prisoners who have been prosecution witnesses at the Demjanjuk trials in the U.S. and Israel. The Frydrych report indicates that mass executions at Treblinka II were conducted by the use of machine gun fire. The place of execution in Frydrych's September 1942 report was described as the "Bath," which purportedly contained an elaborate mechanical system for grinding and disposal of cadavers. Exhibit 72.

In August 1942, the underground organisation of "Bund" in the Warsaw Ghetto sent their activist Zalman Friedrich to discover what had happend to the transports from the ghetto. In Sokolów Podlaski near Treblinka he was informed by Polish railway workers that every day a freight trains (with people on board) passed the town to Treblinka. After several hours these trains returned empty. There were no food supplies to the camp...
On Sokolów Podlaski market Friedrich met two naked Jews who had escaped from Treblinka. They described what had happend to the deportees. The information about Treblinka and the fate of the transports from Warsaw Ghetto were confirmed by Dawid Nowodworski who could escape from Treblinka. He returned to the Warsaw Ghetto in late August 1942. ... ation.html

So that we might learn conclusively and in detail about the fate of the human transports leaving the ghetto, Zalmen Frydrych (Zygmunt) was ordered to follow one of the transports to the "Aryan side". His journey "to the East", however, was a short one, for it took only three days. Immediately after leaving the ghetto walls he established contact with an employee of the Warsaw Danzig [Gdanski] Terminal working on the Warsaw--Malkinia line. They travelled together in the transport's wake to Sokolow where, Zygmunt was told by local railroad men, the tracks forked out, one branch leading to Treblinka. It proved that every day a freight train carrying people from Warsaw travelled in that direction and invariably returned empty. No transports of food were ever seen on this line. Civilians were forbidden to approach the Treblinka railroad station.

This in itself was conclusive proof that the people brought to Treblinka were being exterminated somewhere in the vicinity. In addition, Zygmunt met two fugitives from the death camp the following morning. They were two Jews, completely stripped of their clothes, and Zygmunt met them on the Sokolow market place and obtained the full details of the horrible procedure. Thus it was not any longer a question of rumours, but of facts established by eyewitness accounts (one of the fugitives was our comrade Wallach).

After Zygmunt's return we published the second issue of On Guard with a detailed description of Treblinka. But even now the population stubbornly refused to believe the truth. They simply closed their eyes to the unpleasant facts and fought against them with all the means at their disposal. ... ising.html

The sitation did not change even when escapees from Treblinka made their way back to Warsaw by the end of July 1942, and proided detailed descriptions of what they had witnessed. Bernard Goldstein, a Bundist activist, recalls:

For the difficult task of getting more exact information, we appointed Zalman Friedrych, one of the most daring and tireless individuals in the underground. A Polish Socialist, a railroad worker, who often traveled the line and knew the direction taken by the
deportation trains, advised Friedrych which route to investigate. With great difficulty Friedrych finally reached Sokolov [Sokołów]. There he learned that the Germans had constructed a small branch railroad to the village of Treblinka. Each day trains packed with Jews were switched onto the new spur. At Treblinka there was a large camp divided into two sections, one for Jews, one for Poles. The residents of Sokolov had heard that terrible things were happening in Treblinka, but they had no precise information.

In Sokolov Friedrych stumble upon our comrade, Azriel Wallach, Maxim Litvinov’s nephew, who had just escaped from Treblinka. He was in terrible shape, badly bruised, bleeding, his clothes in shreds. From Wallach, Friedrych learned that all the Jews brought to Treblinka were immediately put to death. They were unloaded from the trains and told that they were to be bathed and cleaned before being taken to their quarters and assigned to work. Then they were led into large hermetically sealed chambers and gassed. Wallach had been picked up in Warsaw. He had been shipped to Treblinka but had been spared from
immediate death to work at cleaning up the freight cars, and had managed to escape.

With this information, Friedrych returned to Warsaw. We immediately published the gruesome report in a special edition of Storm. We were thus able to give the ghetto an eyewitness account of what actually happened to the daily trainloads of deportees.

Once again Storm warned: “Do not be deceived. Throw off your illusions! You are being taken to death and extermination. Do noy let them destroy you! Do not give yourselves voluntarily into the hands of your executioners.”74

Soon this information was also known by Jews in the backwoods.75

75 The following is from a wartime diary from Sokoły, a small town near Białystok: “During those days, fearful rumors spread again about the mass murder of Jews. This time, the rumors arrived from the area surrounding Warsaw. Every single day during the entire summer of 1942, the Germans rounded up thousands of Jews from Warsaw and its surroundings and sent them in boxcars to Treblinka, a place where the Germans had built a giant slaughterhouse for killing Jews by both electrocution and strangulation with
gas. Exact details as to how they killed the Jews were not yet known, but it was known that every day dozens of boxcars loaded with Jews arrived at Treblinka.” See Michael Maik, Deliverance: The Diary of Michael Maik. A True Story (Kedumim, Israel: Keterpress Enterprises, 2004), 84−85. There is no basis to the claim that the average Pole somehow knew more than the Jews about the existence of the death camps. The opposite is probably true. s.30ff

Jewish identification card for "Zelman Frydrych": ... 76&mid=155

Now, where on earth can a translation of this report be found? Arad does not mention it, Donat does not mention it and it is not mentioned in Graf and Mattogno's book either.

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